With the U.K. preparing for Brexit on the 29th March, take a look at these films relating to the formation and history of the European Union.
The First ‘Fireside Chat’
On 12 March 1933, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave his first ‘Fireside Chat’. The chats were broadcast on radio, allowing Roosevelt to address the U.S. public, explaining his policies and the current actions of government. You can hear a ‘Fireside Chat’ here.
The Anschluss with Austria
On 12 March 1938, Germany annexed Austria. A union between the two countries had been forbidden under the Treaty of Versailles and the Treaty of Saint Germain following World War One. It was a Nazi propaganda victory, given the aim of their foreign policy to unite ethnic Germans into a Greater Germany.
The Battle of Dien Bien Phu
On 13 March 1954, the Battle of Dien Bien Phu began. It was the climactic confrontation of the First Indochina War (1946-1954). The resulting peace partitioned North and South Vietnam, whose confrontation would develop into the Vietnam War (1955-1975).
The Winter War
On 13 March 1940, The Winter War, a subsidiary conflict of World War Two (1939-1945), ended. The conflict had begun on 30 November 1939, when the USSR invaded Finland. Soldiers had fought in temperatures as low as -43°C.
The 14 March marks the 140th Anniversary of the birth of Albert Einstein (1879-1955). He is famous for developing the Theory of Relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside Quantum Mechanics), and the equation E = mc2. Take a look back at his life with this archive collection.
The Zeppelin is Patented
The 14 March also marks the 120th Anniversary of the patenting of the Zeppelin. Take a look back in our archive at the Graf Zeppelin, an example named after their creator, Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin, which operated the first transatlantic commercial passenger flight service in the world.
Tsar nicholas II Abdicates
On 15 March 1917, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia abdicated. He was the last Russian Emperor, and his abdication marked the end of the Romanov Dynasty, which had ruled Russia for 304 years, since 1613. Take a look back at his life in this archive collection.
The German Occupation of Czechoslovakia
The 15 March also marks the 80th Anniversary of the German occupation of Czechoslovakia. Having secured the Sudetenland under the Munich Agreement in September 1938, Hitler ordered the Wehrmacht to occupy the rest of Czechoslovakia.
The My Lai Massacre
On 16 March 1968, the My Lai Massacre occurred, during the Vietnam War (1955-1975). Between 347 and 504 unarmed Vietnamese civilians were killed by the U.S. Army. 26 soldiers were charged with criminal offenses, but only Lieutenant William Calley Jr. was convicted.
The 18 March marks the 50th Anniversary of the ‘Secret Bombing’ of Cambodia by the U.S. during the Vietnam War- the commencement of Operation Menu. Take a look back at the war in Cambodia during 1969 with this archive collection.
The Fasci di Combattimento is Founded
The 23 March marks the 100th Anniversary of the founding of the Italian Fasci of Combat by Benito Mussolini, the organisational forerunner of the National Fascist Party (Partito Nazionale Fascista). Take a look at these early films relating to fascism in Italy.