Mozambique celebrates five years of independence on June 25, and the task of building a new society continues.
Lourence Marques 1975: SCU Portuguese flag lowered
SV: President Samora Machel saluting other leaders as Mozambique flag is raised Machel embraces colleagues as other applaud. (3 shots)
GV AND CU: Large wall with revolutionary murals in Maputo (3 shots)
TRAVEL SHOT: People queuing for food at market and scuffle in queue (2 shots)
GV AND SV: Women working in maize field weeding and digging ditch.(2 shots)
GV PAN INTERIOR: women sorting cashew nuts inside factory (2 shots)
GV:s Cargo ship in harbour, tractors in rows parked and goods unloaded as train arrives at dockside (4 shots)
SV AND GV: Arms cache found in bush marked with stencil reading "Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) (2 shots)
GV: Bomb exploded in bush
SV: Dead man lying in bush
SV: Water swirling around damaged bridge at Chokwe Bridge being repaired.(3 shots)
SV PAN: From people eating rations and looking through bamboo slats into kitchen in refugee camp.(3 shots)
CU: United Nations representative Poul Hartling chatting to people in refugee camp PULL OUT TO GV group
CU: Machel addressing audience at non-aligned conference in Havana
GV AND SV: General Assembly and President Fidel Castro applauding (2 shots)
SV AND CU: Health workers attend to a child's foot as others look on. (2 shots)
GV AND SV: Men seated in square in front of blackboard being taught to read by teacher, teacher drills them in the alphabet.(3 shots)
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Background: Mozambique celebrates five years of independence on June 25, and the task of building a new society continues. The man who led the country in it's fight for independence, President Samora Machel has declared the 1980's the decade of the fight against under-development in Mozambique.
SYNOPSIS: July, 1975. The Portuguese flag is lowered and the flag of independent Mozambique raised, ending almost five centuries of colonialism.
Five years later the signs of a revolutionary new state remain. These wall murals in Maputo reflect the leadership's attempt to illustrate to building a socialist society.
But the problems that plagued the country shortly after independence, with the mass exodus of the Europeans, remain. People still queue for the basic essentials. And sometimes they get frantic in their search for sugar, meat, bread and cooking oil.
Rural Mozambicans have been encouraged to work communally and aid for greater production of maize, rice and vegetables. But the last four years have brought a series of natural disasters. So the country remains dependent on foreign imports.
And on a recent tour of state-run businesses and factories, President Machel came away unimpressed with what he said was "inefficiency, stupidity, rudeness and petty corruption".
President Machel's government accepts aid from wherever it can get it. This new farm equipment is from the Soviet Union and East Germany. Badly needed grain comes from the United States. And the largest source of economic aid comes from Sweden.
The independence war in Rhodesia took a great toll on neighbouring Mozambique. The country's support of Robert Mugabe's guerrilla forces is estimated to have cost five hundred and fifty million dollars - more than Mozambique's budget. It also took its toll on Mozambican lives.
Frequent Rhodesian bombing raids - punishment for harbouring Mugabe's guerrillas, left severe damage. This bridge at Chokwe was part of an important export rail link. Now, with the opening of the border with Zimbabwe export traffic to Mozambique's east coast ports will increase.
The war also meant an influx of refugees from Rhodesia and the Mozambique government was faced with trying to feed them. Camps became havens for every type of disease; food had to be found from hard-pressed relief agencies. The then new United Nations High Commissioner for Refuges, Mr. Poul Hartling went to see the problem first hand.
President Machel remains a popular leader at home, and a leading member of the non-aligned movement. At a summit in Cuba he condemned imperialism after President Castro attacked what he called "Yankee and Chinese imperialism". But Machel has received aid from both countries.
Despite it's struggling economy, the Mozambique government remains committed to socialism in health, education and housing. It has taken the example of China's "barefoot doctors" as a model for preventative health care in rural areas. After five years the government's main priority is the same -- to feed and educate the people. But President Machel has recently encouraged self-criticism and says the country must continue on the road to becoming an efficient and self-sufficient nation.