INTRODUCTION: Albert Speer, Hitler's Minister of Munitions and War Production during World War II, died in a London hospital on Tuesday night (1 September).
SV Still of Speer with Hitler (B&W)
GVs of Speer at rally addressing and talking to crowd (4 shots) (B&W)
GV Officers being arrested (3 shots) (MUTE) (B&W)
GV INT Nuremberg trial (B&W)
GV Speer getting up to give evidence (B&W)
GV Cars leaving Spandau prison with Speer (B&W)
GV Hotel exterior, interior shot of cameraman (B&W)
CU Speer speaking in German (B&W)
GV EXT Court House (Colour)
GV INT People waiting to go into court
GV INT Speer arriving at court (2 shots)
GV & CU Speer seated in court
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Albert Speer, Hitler's Minister of Munitions and War Production during World War II, died in a London hospital on Tuesday night (1 September). He was 76. The former Nazi leader, in Britain for a television interview, was taken ill at an hotel. He was taken to hospital by ambulance, where he died some hours later from what is believed to have been a cerebral haemorrhage.
SYNOPSIS: During the years of the Third Reich, Speer became Hitler's trusted friend.
The former architect, who built up Hitler's war machine when he became Armaments Minister in 1942, was arrested after the war. He later claimed ignorance of concentration camps, saying he was too busy with the war effort to know of them.
Unlike other leading Nazis, Speer admitted guilt at the Allied War Crimes Tribunal in Nuremberg and was sentenced to 20 years' imprisonment.
He was released from Spandau prison in 1966, having served his full sentence to the day.
Speer published his memoirs in 1970 and they became the best-known German account of the Nazi era.
He said in his writings that he was unable to atone for his actions but preferred to regard them as errors in judgment. Speer also wrote in his memoirs that before Hitler committed suicide, he planned to kill the Nazi leader by injecting poison gas into the ventilation shafts of the massive concrete bunker, established as Hitler's final Berlin headquarters. By chance, the ventilators were closed before the plan was implemented according to Speer. At the Nuremberg trial, Speer was shown a photograph of a Jewish family being led to a gas chamber. He said he could not rid his mind of the scene and it made a desert of his life.
In 1968, Albert Speer was called as a witness to a war crimes trial in Essen, West Germany.
Three members of the staff of a concentration camp that came under Speer's ministry were charged with the murder of 95 prisoners.
Speer was summoned to the court to give evidence of Gestapo orders for the camp.