Three astronauts - William Pogue, Edward Gibson and Gerald Carr -- are preparing for the third and final Skylab mission.
GV EXTERIOR Skylab in orbit (2 shots)
GV INTERIOR Skylab
SV INTERIOR astronauts working and exercising
GV Skylab in flight
GV INTERIOR Skylab with floating astronauts
SCU Commander Carr speaking:
GV Space to earth views of earth's surface (7 shots)
SCU Commander Carr
GV Sun and sunsets (5 shots)
SV Halleys Comet
MV Carr in space gear
GV EXTERIOR of Skylab shot continues from previous sequence
Well, the major objectives of the third mission are essentially the same as that of the first two. The three general tasks: The first being that of medical, flight physiology; the second major task being that of solar observations; and the third major task being earth resources observations.
Carr also talked about the examination of snow caps as potential water sources and the astronauts birds-eye view of environmental problems.
Well will have an opportunity to look at snow cover in Japan on Mount Fujiyama, and we are going to have a chance to look at some of the problems that are involved with environmental pollution as a result of winter heating in several areas of the world.
Carr explained that the Skylab programme aimed to consolidate the knowledge so excitingly acquired on the Apollo missions.
We've have our technology and our exploration phase; that is, with the Apollo programme. We've learned that man can get out and do things in space. In Skylab we're putting some of that know-how and expertise to work in a rather every-day -- not hum-drum, but routine sort of way. That is, we're putting them in space, and they're going to set up housekeeping and live there. And, I think that that's important. The date and the things we're learning from skylab are for exceeding anybody's expectations.
Initials AE/18.27 AE/20.10
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Background: Three astronauts - William Pogue, Edward Gibson and Gerald Carr -- are preparing for the third and final Skylab mission. They are due to be launched on November 10th - provided all technical problems are solved and will stay in the space laboratory for a record 70 days.
The astronauts will continue the scientific experiments, and examination of the medical and physiological effects of space-flight. The Skylab, orbiting two-hundred and seventy-five miles about the earth's surface, provides unique opportunities for observing both the solar system and the earth. Edward Gibson, a specialist in solar physics, will be paying special attention to the outer edge of the sun. Gibson claims that Skylab has already provided much new information about the sun. He will also have the chance to observe the Comet Kohoutek, which will become visible in late November. Astronomiets say that it could be one of the most remarkable comets since the beginning of the century, and views of it from the Skylab could provide new evidence on the origins of the solar system. Finally, the astronauts will look downwards to the earth's surface. Previous skylab missions have spotted new areas of high mineral content and given warning of typhoons and hurricanes. Carr, Gibson and Pogue will be looking mainly for signs of environmental pollution.
The astronauts should blast off on November 10th, although there is the possibility of a delay because of trouble with the rocket fuel tanks. The next U.S. space mission, planned for 1975, will be a joint one with the Soviet Union.
The Flight Commander, Gerald Carr, gave the three main objectives for the new mission.