INTRODUCTION: The third Islamic summit conference at Taif in Saudi Arabia continued on Tuesday (27 JANUARY) with debate focussing on three main issues.
GV Crown Prince Fahd Ibn Abdulaziz speaking in Arabic
SV Empty Afghanistan chair
SV Mr. Ali Nasser Mohammed, President of South Yemen, listening
SV President Ali Abdullah Saleh of Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) listening and GV delegates (2 shots)
SV King Hussein of Jordan listening
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION: Iraq's President Saddam Hussein addressed the conference and said his country would return lands seized from Iran in the Gulf War. Iraq would do this, he said, if lands and rights which Iran has usurped by force are restored to their rightful owners. The United Nations Secretary-General, Kurt Waldheim, told the conference on Monday (26 January) that the conflict could end if Islamic nations supported a UN initiative in the region.
The decision to impose an economic blockade on Israel is expected to be officially proclaimed at the end of the conference on Wednesday (28 January). The so-called "Mecca Declaration" will urge Islamic countries to join the Arab economic boycott of Israel, pledge more aid to the Palestine resistance movement and lay down a plan of political action against Israel for attempting to change the Arab character of Jerusalem.
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: INTRODUCTION: The third Islamic summit conference at Taif in Saudi Arabia continued on Tuesday (27 JANUARY) with debate focussing on three main issues. At a closed session on Tuesday night the 42-member conference approved demands for "Jihad" (a Holy War) and economic sanctions against Israel. During the day the Gulf War between Iran and Iraq was discussed despite Iran's decision to stay away from the conference. The members also adopted a resolution on Afghanistan calling for the withdrawal of Soviet forces.
SYNOPSIS: The chairman for Tuesday's proceedings was Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Fahd Ibn Abdulaziz. In a speech to the conference he attacked the United States for backing the Israeli occupation of Arab lands, but he also accused the Soviet Union of aggression and urged Moscow to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan. The pro-Soviet President of South Yemen, Ali Nasser Mohammed, listened closely as did his pro-Western neighbour, President Ali Abdullah Saleh of North Yemen. Both the United States and Saudi Arabia have been arming North Yemen to counteract Soviet influence in South Yemen.
Jordan's King Hussein was another interested listener. He has a vested interest in both the Iran-Iraq War and the Jerusalem issue. His Hashemite kingdom is located in the middle of both conflicts. A peaceful solution is also hoped for by conference members.