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    New Guinea is growing fast... a growth reflected here in Port Moresby.

    Just one angle on?

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    Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved

    Background: New Guinea is growing fast... a growth reflected here in Port Moresby.

    Just one angle on Port Moresby...the New Guinea Beatles.

    With development has come progress and problems. Even here the motorists cannot escape the traffic snarls, the parking squeeze. Port Moresby is feeling all the teething problems of a rapidly expanding urban community.

    One of the increasing problems is vagrancy. People from outlying villages are clocking into the town. At times there are three thousand wandering about the streets with no work..little money. but for those with incomes, Port Moresby offers many of the advantages of a modern city.

    The drift from surrounding districts has helped swell Port Moresby's population of about 7-thousand Europeans and 32-thousand Papuans and New Guineans. The population has more than doubled in the past six years; and as more people crowd in slums have sprung up around the waterfront.

    Some call it a northern suburb of Canberra..and the main reason for Port Moresby's existence is, in fact, administrative.

    Cut off from the rest of the territory both physically and psychologically by the Owen Stanley ranges, Moresby is predominantly a public service town. Margaret Lore is one of 30-thousand people employed by the Government in Papua New Guinea. About ten thousand of these work in Port Moresby.

    The town has inherited most of the ills of urban communities, but it is also benefitting from its own rapid expansion. And at least one problem..mosquitoes...has been solved this way.

    But Port Moresby is not the real territory. This is to be found in the Highlands, the vast cordillera the twists its way down through the centre of the country. And there, at places like Bulolo, Garaina, Mt. Hagen the present boom is most apparent. It was at Garaina that an A.B.C. camera team visited one of the many tea plantations that are providing the Highlands with another industry...one that is expected to prove as important, economically as coffee.

    These are the Waria people. Their menfolk provide most recruits for the police and the Pacific Island Regiment, leaving a surplus of womenfolk in the valley. And now, for the first time, they are being given an opportunity to earn money of their own."A few years ago when self government was first discussed for the territory there were many Europeans who talked of cutting their losses and leaving. There was no future, they said, in Papua New Guinea. That kind of talk is rarely heard today. Christine Hutton's family is one of hundreds that have decided to throw in their lot with the territory.

    Mrs. Gem Hutton and her family came from Brisbane. The children were born in Kenya; but home for them now means this tea plantation at Faraina.

    The tea they harvest is of a high quality; and private companies are investing thousands of pounds to expand the industry.

    Expansion will mean employment for thousands more New Guineans. This same confidence in the territory and its people shown by private enterprise is being reflected throughout the highlands today.

    Bulolo was once the centre of a rich gold mining district. Today most of the dredges lie idle; but Bulolo is winning riches from another of its resources...timber.

    Through a big programme of expansion, men like Charlie Lear of Townsville will help increase the country's annual timber production to 120 million super feet during the next three years.This was the 25th tree he had felled before lunch.

    One of the most inaccessible areas in the territory has always been the western Highlands. But is high altitudes are now providing another industry for the country...pyrethrum.

    From the flower is extracted a drug that forms the basis of a safe insecticide.

    Dennys Slee is the Government agricultural officer at Wabag; his assistant officer, Joseph Maza of New Ireland graduated only three months ago. Together they are training people of the Enga group to grow their crops of pyrethrum.

    For villagers living in these altitudes where coffee cannot be grown, the young industry could prove a fruitful source of income.

    But it was coffee that lead to the agricultural prosperity of the area. In all, there are some 50 coffee farms in the western highland; and the industry is providing an annual income of a quarter million pounds for the highland people.

    Coffee from New Guinea is allowed into Australian free; and to help the industry along, the Federal Government has imposed higher tariffs on raw coffee imported from other countries.

    One of the first white men to walk into this Highland area 33 years ago was Danny Leahy. His first interest was gold; now he too is growing coffee, as well as raising cattle and pigs on his mixed farming property near Mount Hage.

    Of the two areas, the western highlands are less developed than the eastern. But with its great tracts of unopened land, and a big indigenous population it now offers the greatest scope for expansion.

    From New Caledonia, Michael Ottley has come to the Baiyer Valley to work on this livestock station.

    Here on the Kunai plains the cattle are bred, mainly for the highland people who are building up their own village herds.

    Five years ago this Afrikander bull was imported along with 30 shorthorn heifers.Since then the station has built up a herd of 15 hundred Shorthorn Afrikander cross. Now an important secondary industry is growing with beef cattle in the Western Highlands.

    Bill St. George, the manager of Baiyer River station has lived 14 years in the territory. With the help of agricultural officers he is training some of the valley people who want to take cattle home for their own village herds. Mr. St. George and his wife originally came from Sydney; but their children have been brought up in the territory.

    More than ever today, Papua New Guinea stands at the crossroads. But the pessimists who a few years ago, said the country was finished are rapidly being replaced by others with sufficient confidence in the people and the future to invest millions of pounds in the territory's development.

    Everywhere there's evidence of the boom...or as the people themselves are saying..Papua na New Guinea na he walk along kumup kwik noa.

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