INTRODUCTION: Ethiopia has appealed for 300 million dollars worth of aid to help an estimated five million people suffering from malnutrition.
GV EXT PAN Bume refugee camp in southern Ethiopia
SV & CU Starving child asleep in open (2 shots)
CU & SV Children in camp (2 shots)
SV Starving child being helped to walk
GV Water containers awaiting replenishing
SV PAN Tractor towing water tank arriving
GV & SV Man filling containers (2 shots)
SV Women collecting water
GV PAN DC-3 landing
SV & GV Plane being unloaded (2 shots)
SCU Relief and Rehabilitation Commissioner Shimelis Adougna speaking
GV PAN Child walking across to others
SV & CU Starving children sitting in sand (2 shots)
GV ZOOM SV Children with bowls waiting to receive food and water (2 shots)
GV Children eating
GV People lining up for food in sandstorm
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT): SEQ. 11: ADOUGNA:"We have a very serious emergency situation in Ethiopia. We have nine of our 14 provinces affected by the drought. We have some 5 million people exposed to the danger of famine. Our efforts to attract international attention for assistance -- the response has not been as good as we would like it to be, and it does not come anywhere close to the need faced by our people."
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Ethiopia has appealed for 300 million dollars worth of aid to help an estimated five million people suffering from malnutrition. The appeal is based on a survey carried out in consultation with United Nations' agencies, who consider the situation in Ethiopia to be very serious. The famine in the country has been caused by a prolonged drought, but has been aggravated by wars with secessionist forces in the Ogaden and Eritrea.
SYNOPSIS: The lives of some 16-thousand people area preserved by relief efforts in this camp at Bume. But one in six Ethiopians is in need of aid. The victims of drought and war are indistinguishable. Their total number is put at over five million. Many of these in the camp have fled from the fighting in the Ogaden and Eritrea in the hope of finding a more secure life.
This young man is too exhausted to put up a fight. He has to be helped to join a group of people, waiting impassively for water. Prolonged droughts have lowered the water table nearly ten metres (30 feet) below the sandy, dried out soil, too low for most villagers to reach. This tractor hauls their only supply of precious water.
With relatively little financial and technological effort, wells could be drilled. These would not only alleviate thirst but also irrigate the dry but fertile soil and provide more than the stop-gap measure, which barely keeps these people alive. But the Ethiopians do not have the resources to provide these vital wells.
A greater problem is the supply of food. A 42-year-old DC-3 is the only life-line for the people of Bume. Relief and Rehabilitation Commissioner Shimelis Adougna explains the problem.
The Ethiopian government has brought sophisticated Soviet weaponry for some 1.5 billion dollars to attempt to put an end to the secessionist rebellion. As a result, western nations are reluctant to grant aid, and while east and west are considering relief, these children are barely fed.
But for every mouth fed, there are many others waiting, some desperate enough to weather even a sand storm.