With less than two weeks to go before independence in Angola, the MPLA -- the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola -- is staging regular rallies in the capital, Luanda, in a bid to keep maximum support in the struggle against rival independence groups.
GV Crowd with banners
GV PAN Troops on building TILT DOWN TO rally with banners, chanting and singing (2 shots)
GV Speaker addressing rally on balcony
SVs & GVs Crowd chanting and shouting (2 shots)
Gv Rally listens to speaker
GV Helicopter TILT DOWN TO rally
SV TILT UP Speaker addressing crowd
GV PAN Demonstrators chanting and shouting with banners
Initials BB/0320 EW/DW/BB/0305
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Background: With less than two weeks to go before independence in Angola, the MPLA -- the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola -- is staging regular rallies in the capital, Luanda, in a bid to keep maximum support in the struggle against rival independence groups.
Several thousand people massed outside Luanda's Government Palace on Sunday (26 October) to pledge support for the MPLA and its policy of accepting power on its own when Portugal relinquishes control of the country on II November.
On the same day, water supplies were restored to the capital after a two-day interruption caused by an artillery exchange between MPLA and rival FNLA -- National Front for the Liberation of Angola -- troops at the main pumping station at Quifangonda, 12 miles (20 kilometres) from Luanda.
The following day, Zaire news agency reports announced that the combined forces of FNLA and UNITA -- the National Union for Total Independence of Angola -- captured control of two towns in the extreme south of Angola formerly held by the MPLA.
The joint forces scored another success on Tuesday (28 October) with the seizure of the strategic Atlantic port of Mocamedies, in the south west, from the MPLA. The capture gives the FNLA and UNITA vital unloading facilities for arms, ammunition and supplies on the southern front.
UNITA has claimed that the MPLA has a squadron of Soviet-built Mig-21 aircraft and is employing Cuban mercenaries in the struggle to gain full control of the country before independence.
On Monday (27 October) Uganda's President Idi Amin appealed for all three liberation movements to stop fighting and form a united front ready for independence. He also suggested African nations might form a volunteer force to help the territory.