Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev arrived in New Delhi on Monday (8 December) to demonstrations of popular disagreement about his policy on Afghanistan.
SV Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev down aircraft steps at New Delhi airport and greeted by Indian President Sanjiva Reddy and Prime Minister, Mrs Indira Gandhi
SV Children waving flags
CU Presidents Brezhnev and Mr Reddy with Mrs Gandhi
GV Guard of honour presents Brezhnev reviews guard of honour (3 shots)
SV Mounted escort with President Brezhnev and party through streets of Delhi
GV Demonstrators carrying anti-Soviet banners marching along street (3 shots)
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Background: Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev arrived in New Delhi on Monday (8 December) to demonstrations of popular disagreement about his policy on Afghanistan. Indian President Sanjiva Reddy told his Soviet guest that New delhi remains opposed to any outside intervention in the affairs of the region. And Indian police had to protect Mr Brezhnev from anti-Soviet demonstrations held to coincide with his New Delhi arrival.
SYNOPSIS: Mr Brezhnev arrived to face a nation whose newspapers say it has to follow a "razor's edge" in its relations with Moscow. He came to face a leadership which has come under increasing pressure because it never directly opposed the Soviet intervention in Afghanistan. But Mr. Brezhnev and the Indian leadership want to reaffirm their countries' special relationship and to renegotiate energy supplies for the sub-continent. India needs Soviet oil since the Iran-Iraq war dried its Middle Eastern source. President Reddy has hailed his guest as a "trusted and reliable friend".
President Reddy and Prime Minister Indira Gandhi are the first non-communist leaders to host a visit by Mr Brezhnev, and made his official welcome at the airport as impressive as possible. Later, at a banquet in Mr Brezhnev's honour, President Reddy told him, without naming Afghanistan, that India remained opposed to any form of intervention, covert or overt, by outside forces in internal affairs of the region.
Mr Brezhnev did not see the protests against his Afghan policy. Police diverted his route into New Delhi at the last moment to avoid several anti-Soviet demonstrations. In one instance they baton-charged a group of marchers, and three people were injured.