Arab refugees are beginning to return and re-build their homes at the El Karameh Camp in the Jordan valley, which was reduced to ruins by Israeli shelling in March 1968.
Travelling Shot and GV ruins at El karameh camp (5 shots)
GV Damaged mosque (2 shots)
GV Main street of camp
SV & CU metal for building(2 shots)
GV & SV Bricklayers at work re-building house (5 shots)
GV & CU New house surrounded by damaged houses (3 shots)
GV New houses (2 shots)
GV new Mosque (2 shots)
MV & CU Refugees registering (5 shots)
CU & GV Water for agriculture
GV Man herding cattle
CU & GV Vegetables being grown (4 shots)
Initials OS/1652 OS/1707
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Background: Arab refugees are beginning to return and re-build their homes at the El Karameh Camp in the Jordan valley, which was reduced to ruins by Israeli shelling in March 1968.
The Jordan Government and Foreign Relief Agencies led by the World Lutheran Federation have contributed money and materials towards the re-building of homes. According to a system of self-help, the refugees build their houses by themselves, and more than a hundred have already started. Hundreds more have registered for grants to do so.
SYNOPSIS: These are the damaged buildings of El-Karameh refugee camp in the Jordan valley, built in 1948. The camp was shelled by the Israelis in March 1968, and has remained deserted till recently by those who once had homes here. But when the farmers returned to their fields in the Jordan valley, and life was back to normal, the former inhabitants of El Karameh began to return to the area. The Jordan valley is much warmer, and work is more plentiful here than in the area round Amman and at Jerash in the north.
So now the re-building of El-Karameh has begun again, with the Jordanian Government and Foreign relief agencies giving materials and money to help re-settlement and re-building. The self-help system was followed by which aid is given if the people build their houses by themselves.
A number of new houses have already been completed, but nearby, as a reminder of grimmer days, stand the ruins. Eventually the Government bulldozers will have cleared them, and El-karameh camp will be back to normal.
The day this film was shot, on Thursday, 400 people registered their names to take up grants in aid for the re-building of their homes. 158 have already started building. Refugees have also received help to start businesses in the area, although the help is restricted to those who lived at El-Karameh till March 1968.
Soon the farmers will have a growing market for their crops, as the people return in greater number. The Lutheran World Federation has led the way in providing aid to the refugees, donating one hundred thousand U.S. dollars for re-building five hundred housing units. The have also contributed to the re-building of a clinic and a school at the camp.