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    Moscow, the Kremlin, where the Soviet Communist Party is holding its 23rd Congress.

    On April 2nd?

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    Background: Moscow, the Kremlin, where the Soviet Communist Party is holding its 23rd Congress.

    On April 2nd the congress was in its fifth day, with the delegates still debating the main report from the Central Committee and the report of the Central Auditing Committee.

    The Chairman, Mr. Ustinov, gave the floor to Ivan Kebin, top Communist Party leader in Esthonia.

    All of Esthonia's Communists, he said, unanimously endorsed the Communist Party policy. Industrial output in the republic had doubled in the past 7 years. The Esthonian people hailed what the Communist Party was doing to further improve industry and agriculture in the country.

    The USSR Minister of Foreign Affairs, Andrei Gromyko, pointed out that Soviet foreign policy was and is based on a desire for peace greater unity of the socialist community of nations and support for the national liberation movement.

    After denouncing the American aggression in Vietnam he recalled that the USSR will provide growing aid and support to the Vietnamese people. Mr. Gromyko called for a ban on nuclear weapons and ceassation of the rearmament race.

    This is Mrs.Filinova, the secretary of the Volsk District Committee of the Party in the Saratov Region. "Communist Party members in the Saratov Region - she said, -whole-heartedly endorse the Central Committee report to the congress. They will dedicate all their strength and knowledge to put the party plan into effect."
    The first secretary of the Young Communist League, Sergei Pavlov, told the congress delegates that the entire Soviet youth backs the party's policy and will take an active share in implementing that policy. The ideals and inspirations of the Communist Party, he said, are also those of the Young Communist League. He spoke at length about the problems of character-formation in the youth. Art and literature, he said, play a big part in this.

    One of the guests to address the congress was Max Reiman, the General Secretary of the Communist Party of Germany. On behalf of the communists in the Federal Republic of Germany he voiced support of the Soviet Communist Party viewpoint which holds that in spite of the existing difference, unity of action of all communists and workers' parties is possible in the struggle against imperialism, for peace, democracy, national independence and socialism. He urged joint action in aid of the Vietnamese people who are fighting against the United States aggression. This was the chief and most sacred duty of the present, he said.

    One of the leaders of the Communist Party of the United States, Henry Winston, said American imperialist policy in Vietnam was bound to fall. He felt powerful united action on a world scale was necessary to force the aggressors out of Vietnam.

    Solidarity with the Vietnamese people was the most urgent question of the present, said Victorio Codoviglia, the chairman of the Communist Party of Argentina. He endorsed the Soviet Communist Party appeal for greater unity of the world communist movement, and favoured holding another international communist conference.

    After Mr. Codoviglia had finished the chairman read out a note from the women present thanking the French delegates for their flowers.

    During the break in the session old friends meet, and new friendships are formed amidst smiles, joyous greetings and animated conversations.

    And now the session is resumed.

    The First Secretary of the Communist Party of Kirgisia, Mr. Usuabaliev, took the floor. On behalf of the population of his republic he thanked the Communist Party for what it is doing to promote Kirgizian prosperity. He assured the congress that the people of Kirgizia would do their utmost to reach the immense targets of the new five-year plan.

    Georgi Markov, the Secretary of the Soviet Writers' Union, spoke about the multiple forms and lofty ideals of Soviet literature and the many nationalities it represents. Most of the books published in this country recounted the heroic deeds of the Soviet people, he said.

    Speaking for the inhabitants of the Moscow Province, where he is First Party Secretary, Mr. Konotop voiced warm approval of the interns and foreign policy pursued by the Communist Party and Soviet Government. The economic reform now being introduced in the Soviet Union, he said, held out broad prospects for the country's economic growth.

    The top party leader of the Tatar Region, Mr. Tabeyev, praised the Central Committee report to the congress. "Care for the human being, - he said, -is the most important part of our work. That is why we give so much thought to educational work among both Communist Part members and the non-affiliated, as well as working and living conditions and other aspects of the people's lives."
    The next to speak was Mr. Vadchenko, party leader in the Dniepropetrovak Region. Communists in the metallurgical industry, he said, were making a big effort to improve industrial management. Output would be increased substantially through better organisation, more efficient production and the installation of more modern equipment.

    Mr. Solomentsev, First Party Secretary of the Rostov Region, endorsed the Party's practical activities and political line. He was speaking for 219,000 members in his region.

    Mr. Richard Dickson, the national chairman of the Communist Party of Australia, welcomed the Soviet Communist Party's appeal for united action in support of the Vietnamese people. To disrupt unity in providing such assistance, he said, means going counter to the vital needs and interests of all nations, as well as the socialist countries and the national liberation movement.

    The first secretary of the Communist Party of Greece, Mr. Kostas Koliannis, pointed out that the decisions adopted at this 23rd Party Congress would be extremely important for the Soviet people and the international communist movement, which also meant the Communist Party of Greece. He thought these decisions would be a source of optimism and strength in the struggle for democracy, peace and social progress.

    Mr. Rodney Arismeidi, first Secretary of the Communist Party of Urguay, called the might of the Soviet Union a reliable defence for the liberated peoples. He urged all communists the world over to strive for unity. This, he said, would be a guarantee of all their victories.

    The congress is continuing.

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