International tension continued over Poland on Friday (5 December).
SV & CU INTERIOR Josef Kiasa, of Polish Central Committee addressing news conference in Polish. (2 SHOTS)
GV EXTERIOR Buton, Poland: Mass celebrated for miners who've died on duty. Pithead, Colliery building and flame on graves. TILT UP PAN TO metal plaque and back of flames. (4 SHOTS)
SV Celebrants at mass: Lech Walesa at
GV INTERIOR Warsaw: Solidarity office: pamphlet being run off on duplicating machine, people reading notice board. (SHOTS)
CU Solidarity spokesman Janusz Onyszkiewicz, speaking in English.
Moscow: SV INTERIOR Eastern European delegates at meeting: East German delegates ZOOM OUT TO GV.
SV Polish delegation.
SV Romanian delegation: President Nicola Ceaucescu at right.
SV Soviet President Leonid Brezhnew at table. (2 SHOTS)
TRANSCRIPT (SEQ 5): ONYSZKTEWICH: "Well, I think they would like to have some influence on what we are going; they would like to put some pressure on us. But I think that it's quite clear the blame. And there are a lot of people still around which are responsible for the economic difficulties we are in. And obviously, from their point of view, it is better to put another person, or another group of people, to be blamed for that."
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Background: International tension continued over Poland on Friday (5 December). Communist leaders in Poland have said they did not rule out calling in the Soviet Union, but stressed they thought this move unlikely. The Party's propaganda boss, Mr. Jozef Klasa, told a news conference in Warsaw on Thursday (4 December) he was convinced the Polish nation had the will and ability to settle its own problems. From Washington, President Carter had firmly warned the Soviet leaders not to send in their troops. Prague Radio in Czechoslovakia reported that the Warsaw Pact Communist leaders at their summit in Moscow said they were sure that Poland would overcome its present problems. A communique published after their session on Friday (5 December) said Poland's six partners in the alliance assured the leadership in Warsaw of their fraternal support.
SYNOPSIS: At his news conference, Mr. Klasa admitted Poland was having problems with the unions and the economy, and suffering a state of tension and division. He said things differed from Czechoslovakia in 1968, though he accused the worker' Solidarity for creating tension through anarchiac behavior. He was convinced those he called Poland's friends dit not want a state of affairs demanding that they give military help to defend socialism in Poland.
Also on Thursday (4 December), there was a Mass at a coal mine at Buton, near Katowice, in memory of miners who'd died on duty. Solidarity leader, Lech Walesa, was among the celebrants. Walesa has been careful to refute all accusations that he is 'anti-socialist'.
Meanwhile, the Solidarity free trade union in Warsaw was quick to deny Mr. Klasa's accusations of sowing anarchy, churching out a statement that there were no strikes or protests going on, and none was being considered. Solidarity spokesman Janusz Onyszkiewicz had this to say:
In Moscow, Tass news agency reported that the leaders of the seven Eastern bloc nations heard at their summit a report from Polish representatives on how things were going in their country. Moscow television said the Polish delegation the other leaders, including Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev, of their loyalty to the "socialist commonwealth". This was the first such summit since 1967.