The arrival of Bishop Kitium Anthimos--- a member of the Cyprus Ethnarchy ---- at Athens on 2nd.
L.V. Italian steamer "Messapia" entering Piracus harbour.
Back V. Ethnarch's representatives on quayside.
L.V. Bishop Anthimos with Archnandrite of Kyickos (Cyprus Monastery) by rails of ship.
Back V. Coming down gangway.
S.V. Walking towards.
C.U. Of Bishop Anthimos.
L.V. Nikos Kranidiotis (with hat) Secretary of the Makarios and priest walk towards.
L.V. Group towards.
S.V. Bishop Anthimos into car
L.V. Car away.
Initials S-D J.H./P.B.
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Background: The arrival of Bishop Kitium Anthimos--- a member of the Cyprus Ethnarchy ---- at Athens on 2nd.May is viewed with optimism by observers of the Cyprus scene. The reason for his visit to Greece is that he is to report to Archbishop Markarios, the exiled leader of the Cyprus Ethnarchy, on the latest developments in that unhappy country.
Bishop Anthimos is believed to share Sir Hugh Foot's-----the British Governor of Cyprus---efforts in trying to find a solution to the present troubles. Also his arrival in Greece is related by many people with the Governor's departure to London for talks with the British Government.
The Bishop travelled to Greece aboard the Italian steamer "Messapia". When the ship dropped another in Piracus harbour the Bishop was greeted by various church dignitaries, including Archbishop Makarios's secretary, Mr. Nikos Kranidiotis, and Mr. Kyprianou the London representative of the Cyprus Ethnarchy. Bishop Anthimos was escorted to and from the Customs House by a crowd of priests and students from the Theological School of Athens.
With these formalities over the Bishop was driven to the Archbishop Makario's residence at the hotel 'Grande Bretagne'!
Meanwhile the situation in Cyprus deteriorates. Repeatedly over the last two or three weeks the EOKA leader De Grivas was warned the British authorities that if the torture of Greek-Cypriots, taken prisoner by the security forces, does not cease reprisals against British servicemen will take place. On Sunday, May 4th., De Grivas's patience reached an end--- two British soldiers were shot down by machine gun fire and killed.
Immediately after the shooting the Governor, Sir Hugh Foot, issued an announcement stating that he was bringing back into force regulations relating to the penalty for carrying arms. The announcement went as follows:-
'The regulations provide that death shall be the only penalty for discharging a firearm at any person, carrying or being in possession or control of firearms, also throwing, exploding or placing a bomb with intent to cause death or injury.'
In the afternoon of Sunday, 4th.May, the Governor called a conference of military and political advisers to discuss the renewed threat of violence.
It is thought possible that, in view of the EOKA leaflet warnings, Sunday's shooting may be taken as the beginning of the all-out war that has so often been threatened by Col. Grivas.
The governor broadcast a warning to the island that he would take all the necessary steps should violence break-out again.
It is nearly eight months since the emergency laws were relaxed by the then Governor, Field Marshal Sir John Harding.