At the Royal Doulton works at Burslem, in the pottery district of Staffordshire, UK, Dec. 9, the manufacture was going ahead of a new type of china, to be known as English Translucent China.
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Background: At the Royal Doulton works at Burslem, in the pottery district of Staffordshire, UK, Dec. 9, the manufacture was going ahead of a new type of china, to be known as English Translucent China. It will appear on the world china market in Jan. 1960 and will be obtainable at moderate prices, enabling the average house-wife to buy tableware of high quality at no more than the cost of good earthenware.
According to the manufacturers, English Translucent China has three main characteristics: the typical delicacy of a true china in feel and appearance, which permits a wide range of colours and decorative treatments including the use of gold; the toughness of good china; and translucency which guarantees fine workmanship.
Royal Doulton Potteries have been experimenting since 1939 with the introduction of new "bodies" - ceramic substances - into the making of china. Work was stepped up ten years later; the translucent china project finally started in 1957. A survey was made of basic raw materials and after extensive laboratory testing several suitable substances were selected. The material ultimately adopted was a blending of feldspar, combined with china clays and special ingredients to produce whiteness, translucency and strength.
Compared with bone china - the most delicate and expensive of all - English Translucent China has a more plastic and more easily workable "body", which facilitates faster moulding and shaping. Like bone china it is "fired" - to fix the glaze - at a high temperature. In order to achieve uniformity of size and shape with the new "body" at such temperatures, a new technique of pottery firing had to be developed. Finding the right composition for the new china's glaze was another difficult problem to be overcome. A further necessity was the construction of an up-to-date plant and facilities to handle the new product.
The announcement of this development of historic importance to the pottery industry being made simultaneously today, Dec. 10, in London, New York, Toronto, Johannesburg and Sydney.