Ministers from five Western powers began talks with South Africa on Monday (October 16) in an effort to break the deadlock over independence proposals for South West Africa/Namibia.
TV South African Foreign Minister Mr. Pik Botha, shaking hands with British Foreign Secretary, Mr. David Owen.
SV Mr. Botha shak shanking hands with Deputy French Minister of Oliver Stirn.
SV West German Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich Genscher talking to Dr. Owen
CU Mr. Botha, US Secretary of State Cyrus Vance, and other Foreign Ministers before entering buildings (TWO SHOTS)
CU and SV INT. Genscher, Vance, Owen and Stirn seated at conference table with Mr. Botha and others (TWO SHOTS)
GV Union Buildings, Pretoria
SV PAN Prime Minister P.W. Botha (wearning hat) leaving
CU PAN Mr. Vance and Ministers leaving building
SV Ministers on terrace of US Embassy
SCU PAN Mr. Vance talking to Mr. Genscher, Dr. Owen and others.
Western sources add that if sanctions were to be imposed on South Africa they would probably be for limited periods. after which their effect would be evaluated. A trade embarge without time limits was said to be likely to become permanent as the Soviet Union could be expected to veto any attempt to lift it. Sanctions of fixed duration would be more flexible - a "carrot and stick" to encourage South Africa to cooperate over Namibia and other issues.
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Background: Ministers from five Western powers began talks with South Africa on Monday (October 16) in an effort to break the deadlock over independence proposals for South West Africa/Namibia. The United Nations plan for an internationally-supervised ballot next April has been thwarted by South Africa's unilateral decision to hold elections in the territory in December. South West Africa is a former German colony administered by South Africa under an old League on Nations mandate. The United Nations voted to revoke the mandate in 1966 but Pretoria has refused to recognise that action.
SYNOPSIS: South African Foreign Minister Pik Botha welcomed British Foreign Secretary Mr. David Owen, and other Western ministers to Pretoria for the latest talks. Deputy Foreign Minister Olivier Stirn represented France, and the West German Foreign Minister Hans-Dietrich-Genscher also attended. United States Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and Dr. Owen have spearheaded the Western iniative in an unprecedented show of strength over Namibia. Supported by Canadian Foreign Minister Donald Jamieson and their two European colleagues, they are trying to persuade South Africa to accept the United Nations plan for independence. Soon after the talks started, a news blackout adopted at the successful Camp David Middle East peace talks last month.
Pretoria's Union Buildings are the venue of the talks. Before the main session with Mr. Pik Botha, the Western ministers met South Africa's Prime Minister, Pieter Botha, for two hours. But the new leader is a reputed hard-liner and observers thought it unlikely he would change his mind.
Earlier, the ministers gathered at the United States Embassy to discuss the strategy they would adopt. There is heavy pressure at the United Nations for sanctions against South Africa, but Western sources said the ministers would not raise that question initially in the talks.