INTRODUCTION: African states angered by Thursday's (30 April) western vetoes in the Security Council on proposals to impose sanctions on South Africa took steps on Friday (1 May) to take their demands to an emergency session of the General Assembly.
GV Security Council President calling for vote
SV People voting (5 shots)
GV President announcing results of vote
SPEECH ON FILM (TRANSCRIPT)
SECURITY COUNCIL PRESIDENT: (SEQ 3): "The result of the voting on draft resolution IS/14460 revision one is as follows: there were nine votes in favour, there were three votes against and there were three abstentions. The draft resolution has not been adopted owing to the negative vote of a Permanent member of the Council."
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Background: INTRODUCTION: African states angered by Thursday's (30 April) western vetoes in the Security Council on proposals to impose sanctions on South Africa took steps on Friday (1 May) to take their demands to an emergency session of the General Assembly. Olara Otunnu of Uganda termed the twelve negative votes of the United States, Britain and France as a monumental rebuff that served to strengthen South Africa as the occupying power in Namibia (South-West Africa).
SYNOPSIS: The aim of the four resolutions put forward by Niger, Tunisia and Uganda was to punish white-ruled South Africa fro failing to implement a 1978 independence plan for Namibia. Their resolutions had proposed economic sanctions, an oil embargo on South Africa, a ban on airline links and the refusal of other states to permit entry by South African citizens. The vote followed ten days of lively debate and hard lobbying by the western powers who opposed sanctions on the ground that they were ineffective.
The Western powers have promised to continue efforts to strengthen the UN-endorsed plan, which they drafted together with Canada and Western Germany, by negotiating additional constitutional guarantees. But the 50-nation African group rejected any deviation from the original proposals calling fro a cease-fire in the guerrilla war in Namibia and UN-supervised elections. And the split that developed between the two groups was not resolved in the voting.