INTRODUCTION: China's moderate reforms away from Maoism appear to be prompting serious discipline problems among demobilized soldiers who have seen their privileges eroded.
GV People's Liberation Army soldiers in line,adjust their caps for inspection (2 shots)
SV Soldiers salute as they are inspected (2 shots)
SV Soldier lifts jacket to have belt buckle inspected (2 shots)
CU PULL BACK TO SV Soldier having shoe lace tied by inspecting officer
SV Soldiers stand at attention
GV PAN INTERIOR Soldier mopping out barracks floor, rearranging and tidying desks, washing windows (4 shots)
SV Soldiers sit and chat together
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Background: INTRODUCTION: China's moderate reforms away from Maoism appear to be prompting serious discipline problems among demobilized soldiers who have seen their privileges eroded. In Hong Kong, a usually well-performed left-wing monthly publication has reported that 3,000 disgruntled former soldiers staged a three-day revolt in a southern province last July, before being forced to surrender.
The problem is that for the first time since Mao Tsetung led his peasant troops to victory in the civil war in 1949, Chinese soldiers are finding their years of military service unrewarded. In Peking, the report of the 3,000 man revolt in Guangdong Province has been dismissed as "sheer fabrication", but diplomatic analysts say the magazine is generally reliable on Chinese affairs, And they say there's good reason to believe that similar organized protests have taken place elsewhere, although on a smaller scale.
Under Mao, loyalty of the 4-million-strong People's Liberation Army (PLA) was inspired by more than just his thoughts. Mostly drawn from rural areas, Mao's soldiers had no need to worry about their families who were given special subsidies while they were away.
More importantly, after the discipline and occasional drudgery of military life in the lower ranks, soldiers could often expect to be found good jobs when they were demobbed, especially if they did well. But nowadays, after the reforms masterminded by the powerful Vice-Chairman Deng Xiaoping, the general policy is that demobbed soldiers go back to where they came from, and that usually means a return to dependence on the collective village harvest.