The proudest achievement of the military government of General Juan Velasco Alvardo in peru has been its programme of agrarian reform.
GV Canefield ready for harvest.
SV Field worker sets light to cane.
CU Cane burning
SV & CU Bulldozer gathering up burnt cane (2 shots)
SV Crane loads cane onto lorry.
GV Lorry arriving at factory and mechanically unloaded.
SV Sugar bags being unloaded from conveyor belt.
GV EXT Casa Cooperative building.
GV & SV Activity outside Cooperative building (2 shots)
GV New houses being built.
GV Completed row of houses.
GV EXT. School building.
LV Children in classroom.
GV Schoolgirls doing physical training.
GV Primary school pupils in uniform march past camera.
Initials VS/4.04 VS/4.35
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Background: The proudest achievement of the military government of General Juan Velasco Alvardo in peru has been its programme of agrarian reform.
The effort to transform the life of Peru's most numerous class, the peasantry, entered its third year on June 24. Progress of the reform movement is uneven, with the inland Sierra lagging behind the developments on the coast. But the aim is for each farmer to won his own land, if not individually then in the form of cooperatives. And the land of the great estates is slowly being expropriated and redistributed through the state.
For those who already form part of a cooperative, life is transformed. Education and health facilities have improved, and the cooperative workers are said to have a higher standard of living than city workers -- a situation dearly sought in Europe.
This film describes the progress made in three cooperatives in Trujillo, the lush river valleys, about 350 miles north of Lima, the capital.
SYNOPSIS: In Peru, the proudest achievement of the military government under General Juan Velasco Alvardo has been its programme of agrarian reform. General Velasco has called agrarian reform the foundation of his revolution, and the effort to transform the life of Peru's most numerous class, the peasantry, entered its third year on June 24. There's been little change in production methods, but the standard of living of much of the peasantry has indeed soared. It's the reorganisation of the land that has made the change.
The first step by the state is to expropriate land from the traditional, giant estates -- this is then redistributed. The eventual aim is for each peasant to own the land he farms, if not individually then through a cooperative. So far, more than 8 million acres have been expropriated or have reverted to state ownership.....and nearly one million Peruvians in 150,000 peasant families will benefit. In the end, about half the farmland will be involved in the agrarian reform.
In this cooperative, along the lush river valleys of the Trujillo, about 350 miles north of Lima, the capital, life for the peasants has improved beyond measure. Educational and health facilities have improved, housing has improved for everybody, and many basic requirements, such as baby food, are free. The cooperative workers are said to have a better standard of living than many city workers.
Because of this, the children have a better future. As far as possible, the teachers are local people, stressing the self-sufficiency aimed for in the cooperatives. Previously, the land these children lived on was owned by an American company. Now the American company still has an interest in the land, but strictly within the confines of the cooperative. But while progress here is remarkable, it's not the same everywhere. The mountainous Sierra is not benefitting as quickly as the land on the coast -- but if things continue as now, they should.