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    Albumen is the foundation of the living cell and of all life on earth.

    It is?

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    Background: Albumen is the foundation of the living cell and of all life on earth.

    It is one of the most important scientific problems of the 20th century to learn its structure.

    This is the Institute of Molecular Biology of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The biopolymer laboratory is working on the synthesis of an albumen model, an effective method of research. They synthesize polymers skin to natural albumen in structure.

    A component of the human skin is a polymer modelling collagen. It took several months of persevering labor to obtain this small quantity of the polymer.

    With such simplified models, biologists can study the form and properties of albumen molecules. They can learn the laws guiding the life of cells, and in the long run, of human life.

    The Commander islands are situated in the Far East of the Soviet Union where the Behring Sea and the Pacific touch.

    When night falls in Moscow it dawn on the islands. Two and a quarter centuries have passed since man first set foot on the fabulously rich islands.

    But even now when you come to the Commanders you feel like a discoverer - you see things the way James Cook, Semion Dezhnev and Vitus Behring saw them...

    The Commanders...

    The islands of mists and winds...

    There are 14 sunny days a year and a change of weather every half hour.

    When he starts out for the Commanders no pilot can say for certain whether he will get there in several hours, days or weeks...

    That is why fliers experience joy every time they see the Commander islands.

    Where else will you see blue foxes coming out to meet a plane?
    Everything is unusual on the Commanders...

    Beginning with their discovery.

    On a stormy night in 1741 the schooner Saint Peter was cast ashore here.

    The expedition led by the famous Russian traveller Vitus Behring stepped on shore fully convinced that they were on Kamshatka.

    It was later that the members of the expedition understood that chance had made them discoverers of uninhabited islands.

    1741 was the sixtieth and last year in the life of Vitus Behring.

    He ramined on the land he discovered.

    The archipelago he discovered was named the Commander islands
    The island on which he died bears his name.

    The islands became inhabited early in the last century.

    Aleutians, representatives of one of the smallest ethnic groups in the world, moved to the Commanders from the Aleutian islands, which belonged to Russia at the time.

    The Russian-American for trading company was deeply interested in inhabiting the islands.

    The company used the Aleutians to catch seals, which represent the main wealth of the Commanders.

    The seals...

    For the nineteenth century for dealers the word sealness synonymous with gold.

    Millions of them were massacred in a few years time.

    The company was unconcerned about the life of the Aleutians, who brought it fabulous profits.

    Terrible diseases lived in the dirty huts of the Aleutians scurvy, TE and trachoma.

    Mortality was constantly rising.

    In 1912 the Russian scientists Yevgency Suvorov, who had spent several years on the Commanders, Wrote the following:
    "If the people keep dying at this rate in 50 years there will be no population and the provincial administration alone will remain on the islands".

    Soviet government averted such a sad fate from the Aleutians.

    The government made large appropriations to make life easier for the Aleutians and the entire wealth of the islands was made to serve the nation. The seal has become the symbol of the Commander islands.

    In our day the Commander islands have themselves become a symbol a symbol of the revival of a people.

    You will find seals elsewhere, but only on the Commander islands have the Aleutians found opportunity to live fully the life people should in the twentieth century.

    Yevdokia Popova was born at the time when Yevgony Savorov forecast that the island's population would die out. Her childhood passed in a mud hut, among people who were unable to sign their won name.

    In the nineteen fourties she was already chairman of the Aleutian national region, set up on the islands by the Soviet government.

    She is now 64, and age no Aleutian had ever lived to before. After she went on old-age pension Yevdokia Pepova set up a museum of Aleutian art and is now working as its director.

    If somebody had told Yevgeny Suvorov that such a thing is possible and not at all surprising on the Commanders, he would have said that it is all a story.

    But it is fact, not fiction.

    The schoolchildren who were born on the Commanders, when illiteracy had been wiped out, when houses were equipped with all urban comborts and when schools, hospitals and recreation centers became part of everyday life, wouldn't be able to imagine people living badly on the rich Commanders.

    Ted Bank, who is our contemporary, wrote that the average lifespan on Atta island (one of the Aleutian islands belonging to the United States) does not number more than 25 years. 40 per cent of the population are sick with TB. Mr. Bank was astounded at the number of serious diseases, especialy among children.

    The oldest Aleutian on the Commanders has moved to a three-room apartment. His grandfather had moved here from Attu.

    60 other families on the Commanders received new housing this year.

    Aleutian graduates of Moscow xolleges, Yuli Arbitjer and Alexander Mitin, work at the office of the island's newspaper The Aleutian Star.

    Gena Badayev is probably the only Aleutian on earth who has learned the trade of type-setter.

    Alexander Sashin, who came to the Commanders from the distant city of Kursk, has been on the staff of the Aleutian Star for the past 30 years.

    He came with the intention of staying three years, but has remained for thirty.

    He isn't the first nor the last to yield to the charm of the Commander islands.

    There are more and more people coming there every year.

    The Commanders...

    A land of magic and mists...

    A land of birds and seals...

    Here it is that morning dawns in the Soviet Union
    And here it is that 50 years ago a new and happier life started for the Aleutian people.

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