Angola - and the reconstruction of a shattered economy. The new nation's left-wing government, still?
GV ZOOM INTO CU: children marching and singing. (4 shots)
GV EXTERIOR: queues outside Luanda supermarket. (4 shots)
GV ZOOM INTO CU: children giving victory signs.
SV: Angolan soldier controlling food queues.
SV: people entering supermarket.
GV: crowds outside supermarket.
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Background: Angola - and the reconstruction of a shattered economy. The new nation's left-wing government, still in its infancy, recognises the problems its faces - and has decided that before the economy can be rebuilt, the people have to be united.
SYNOPSIS: In the schools, the children are taught to identify Angola's aims and ambitions with those of the ruling party - the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). The children are taught songs which retell the exploits of the MPLA and victories of its forces during the country's civil war. It was that war, and the long fight for independence from Portugal, that divided Angola. The country's President, Agostinho Neto, has said that Angola's population must now unite, and can do this through socialist programmes. But he said that discipline was the only way to achieve that unification, and any other route would simply help the enemies of Angola. Thought unification, he said, the country could overcome its economic problems.
The civil war destroyed Angola's economic structure and led to major shortage of food and fuel. Long queues can be seen outside shops in the capital, Luanda, with so many products in short supply. Eggs are now back on the markets in some places but beef, cheese and butter remain only a memory. The government says it can only change the situation by uniting the work force. Hence, the political education and the importance laid on creating a new national identity.
One of the earliest efforts to improve the economy was 'Operation Coffee'. After Brazil, Angola is the world's biggest producer and coffee has always been the country's biggest earner of foreign exchange. A good harvest this year would greatly help the country overcome some problems. The overall long range economy goal seems to be a system based mainly on collective farming and the nationalisation of industry. But until that is achieved, the people in Luanda will have to carry on queueing.