The two principal rivals for election as President of Uganda are expected to be Dr.
CU INTERIOR MR. Paul Ssemogerere, Chairman of the Democratic Party, seated inside his party H.Q. Speaking in English
TRANSCRIPT: SSEMOGERERE: "I am sure the necessary conditions for free and fair elections exist in Uganda. What we need basically is good will from the power structure in Uganda to have free and fair elections, and the necessary co-operation from the political parties. So far the indications are good. There are three conditions for free and fair elections. One is security of person during the campaign and during election time. And to me this condition is being met very well with the co-operation from our military leaders, from the army commander Tito Okello and the army chief of staff Brigadier David Oyite-Ojok; and from the Military Commission and the Tanzanian forces stationed in Uganda. They are all pledged to having security of person during the election campaign and election time. Secondly, we need to have impartiality and objectivity on the part of the electoral machinery. We have made our position clear on these before the Military Commission, and the Military Commission has given us every assurance that they will do everything possible to ensure that the electoral commission recently appointed undertakes its task impartially and objectively. And we will expect the greatest co-operation from the electoral commission. Then, thirdly, the method of voting. We know what went wrong in the 1962 elections, how votes were stolen and how illicit ballots were used. We have recommended that to...cut down election malpractices there should be one common ballot box at a polling station, and this would keep all illicit ballots away from the ballot boxes. This has been accepted. We have also recommended that counting of votes being carried out immediately after polling, at the polling station, with everybody free to attend the counting. This, too, has been accepted, and with these assurances we think that the main three necessary conditions for free and fair elections have been met. We have also asked for international observers right from the start, and we have been told these are welcome. So there will be all that evidence as to how elections are carried out during September."
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Background: The two principal rivals for election as President of Uganda are expected to be Dr. Milton Obote, of the Uganda People's Congress, a former President, and Mr. Paul Ssemogerere, Chairman of the Democratic Party. Mr. Ssemogerere, who is 48, was a key party worker for 11 years until Idi Amin came to power in 1971 and put an end to his activities. He then took up a lectureship in the United States. He is hopeful about the prospects for the elections, which are due to take place in September.