Shipment of relief supplies to kampuchea were reduced by UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) and the International Red Cross during january because warehouses in Phnom Penh and Kompong Som were almost filled to capacity.
GV: Sacks of grain being unloaded from ship at Kompong Som. (2 shots)
SV: Grain being loaded onto trucks. (3 shots)
GV: Truck leaving dockside (2 shots)
GV: Red Cross aircraft on tarmac at Phnom Penh
SV: Sacks of grain and boxes of rice being unloaded from aircraft. (5 shots)
GV PAN FROM: Truck alongside aircraft TO guards.
GV: Truck arriving at village
SV: Sacks of grain being unloaded from truck and carried to warehouses. (2 shots)
GV: Crowd waiting to receive grain
SV: Grain being weighed out and distributed. (4 shots)
CU: Small boy with sack on shoulder walks away
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Background: Shipment of relief supplies to kampuchea were reduced by UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund) and the International Red Cross during january because warehouses in Phnom Penh and Kompong Som were almost filled to capacity. Slow distribution of the supplies is given as the reason why nearly all storage space at the country's ports is occupied.
SYNOPSIS: Sacks of rice come ashore at Kompong Som. But the joint UNICEF Red Cross aid programme decided to cut shipments when the shortages of warehouse space threatened to force the storage of further imports unprotected in the open, where it would face deterioration. The agencies say shipments could be increased when more space becomes available.
Aid organisation s have expressed 'acute concern' over what they see as the 'relatively slow' distribution of food supplies, with a large proportion of foodstuffs remaining in port warehouses. The supply system linking the port warehouses with local distribution organisation has been hindered by poor roads, damaged or weakened bridges that impose load limits on trucks, and an inadequate rail system. Use of inland waterways has been limited by a shortage of suitable vessels.
Because of difficulties with arranging suitable shipping, deliveries of vehicles has been slower than aid agencies hoped, and they are mostly brought by air at a rate of about eight a day. Food and other relief supplies also continue to arrive at Phnom Penh's airport, to be taken by trucks to warehouses to await distribution. The supply system for the donated foodstuffs has united recently had only a limited number of trucks although these have been augmented by several hundred provided by UNICEF and voluntary agencies, and about 250 delivered by the Soviet Union. The condition of most roads limit their speech to about roads limit their speech to about ten miles an hour (16 kilometres an hour).
Accounts from the populous central region of Kampuchea indicate that at the local level the distribution of food is well organised. It arrives at a central location at an out according to need determined by occupation and size of family. Recipients confirm they receive their food, usually by signing a from with a thumb print. Distribution is less certain in the more isolated areas of the country, where there are few vehicles.
In recent weeks, locally-produced food has reached a peak with the current rice harvest, and UNICEF reports there is no evidence of general famine, although the agency says there is considerable malnutrition among some vulnerable groups, especially homeless or orphan children. But the present harvest is expected to consumed within a few weeks, bringing the prospect of acute need over several months before the next major harvest in November. And on the tense border with Thailand, refugees continue to face hardship.