Campaigning opened in Portugal on Saturday (May 29) for the country's first free presidential elections, which take place in June.
Train arriving at station crowded with Carvalho Supporters chanting (2 shots)
SV ZOOM INTO CU Carvalho addresses supporters
TRAVEL SHOT PAST chanting supporter austrian pulls out
GV and LV INTERIOR communist party supporters singing at rally in bullring (4 shots)
CU PAN FROM Cunhal listening to Pato speaking
GV Chanting crowd
Initials RH/0155 RH/WLW/JB/0225
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Background: Campaigning opened in Portugal on Saturday (May 29) for the country's first free presidential elections, which take place in June. The lists for candidates closed on Friday (May 29) night, with five entering. They are:
Portugal's Army Chief of Staff, 41-year-old General Antonio Ramalho Eanes, who has the support of the country's three strongest parties - The Socialists, the Popular Democrats (PPD) and the Conservative Centre Democrats (CDS):
Admiral Jose Pinheiro de Azevedo, the present Prime Minister, who is reported to have' popular appeal'. He also is acknowledged to have the greatest political experience of all the candidates, but has no direct party support:
Major Otelo Saraiva de Carvalho, 39, the radical left-wing operations commander of the military coup which overthrew the old dictatorship in 1974:
Senhor Octavio Pato, the Communist Party candidate, aged 51:
And Senhor Wencelau Pompilio da Cruz, 67, who represents the estimated 60,000 refugees from Portugal's former African colonies. He lived for 40 years in Angola, and heads the Independent Social Centre (CSI) movement - a pressure group for the returned settlers.
The most colourful character is Major Carvalho, who was arrested, demoted from General, and stripped of his commands after an official military report named him as the leader of an obortive revolt last November. He was given permission to enter the elections by the Military High Command recently when restrictions on his activities, imposed at the time of his arrest, were lifted.
General Eanes, reported to be clear favourite the win the election, led the suppression of the November revolt.
In campaigning on Saturday, Major Carvalho made a train journey to the northern city of Oporto to address a rally, stopping four times en route to meet other supporters. He is backed by small parties which want a 'popular power' regime based on soldiers' and worker's council instead of parliamentary democracy.
Also on Saturday, communist candidate Senhor Pato addressed a crowd of about 10,000 cheering, banner-waving supporters in the Lisbon bullring.