The passing of Chairman Mao Tse-tung, the most beloved and esteemed great leader of our Party, our Army and the people of all nationalities of our country, the greatest Marxist of the contemporary era, and the great teacher of the international proletariat and the oppressed nations and oppressed people, has evoked boundless grief in the hearts of the Chinese people and the people the world over.
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Background: The passing of Chairman Mao Tse-tung, the most beloved and esteemed great leader of our Party, our Army and the people of all nationalities of our country, the greatest Marxist of the contemporary era, and the great teacher of the international proletariat and the oppressed nations and oppressed people, has evoked boundless grief in the hearts of the Chinese people and the people the world over.
On Sept. 18, one million people in the Chinese capital hold a solemn mass memorial meeting on the magnificent Tienanmen square, to mourn with profound grief together with the 800 million people across the country for Chairman Mao, our wise leader and the great liberator of the people of all nationalities of our country.
Memorial Meeting for the Great Leader and Teacher Chairman Mao Tse-tung.
Chairman Mao's Portrait
A huge portrait of our great leader Chairman Mao is hung in the middle of the red ochre facade of the Tienanmen gate tower.
Standing at attention on both sides of the portrait are fighters of the people's liberation army.
Pots of pines and cypresses
Wreaths presented by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and Party and State leaders are placed on the newly erected red centre platform just in front of the Trenanmen Gate tower.
The new wreath from comrade Chiang Ching is laid before Chairman mao's portrait.
Wreaths from Party and state leaders Hoa Kuo-feng, Wang Hung-wen, yeh Chien-ying, Chang Chun-chiao, Soong Ching Ling, Wei Kuopching, Liu Po-cheng, Chiang Ching, Hsu Shih-yu, Chi Teng-kuei, Wu Teh, Wang Tung-hsing, Chen Yung-kuei, Chen Hsi-lien, Li Hsien-nien, Li Teh-sheng, yao Wen-yuan, Wu Kuei-nsien, Su Chen-hua, Ni Chih-fu, Saifudin and other.
Wreaths also from the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the State Council, the Military Commission of the Chinese Communist Party Central Committee, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and Party, government and army departments,from 29 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions and partrictic compatriots from Taiwan Province.
People enter Tienanmen Square
The heroic people of the capital, cadres and masses of Pa???, government and army organisations, from factories, miner, enterprises, shops, suburban people's communes, from army barracks, offices, schools, and neighbourhood communities converge on Tienanmen square and along the five-kilometre boulevard running through it.
The magnificent Tienanmen Square bears witness to the historic fact that the Chinese people stood up once and for all. It was here that Chairman Mao himself hoisted the first five-star flag. It was here that Chairman Mao reviewed millions
Premier Hua Kuo-feng speaks
Comrades and friends:
Today, representatives of the Party, government and army organizations, workers, peasants, soldiers and other circles in the capital are here at Tien An Men Square hold-circles in the capital are here at Tien An Men Square holding a solemn mass memorial meeting and, along with the people of all nationalities throughout the country, mourning with the most profound sorrow Chairman Mao Tse-tung, our esteemed and beloved great leader and the great teacher of the international proletariat and the oppressed nations and oppressed people.
Over the last few days, the whole Party, the whole army and the people of all nationalities throughout the country have been immersed in boundless sorrow at the passing of Chairman Nao Tse-tung. The cause that our great leader Chairman Mao devoted his whole life to is linked by flesh-and-blood ties with the masses of the people. It was under Chairman Mao's leadership that the Chinese people who had long suffered from oppression and exploitation won emancipation and became masters of the country. It was under Chairman Mao's leadership that the disaster-plagued Chinese nation rose to its feet. The Chinese people love, trust and esteem Chairman Mao from the bottom of their hearts. The international proletariat and progressive mankind all deeply mourn the death of Chairman Mao.
Chairman Mao Tse-tung was the founder and wise leader of the Communist Party of China, the Chinese People's Liberation Army and the People's Republic of China.
Chairman Mao tempered and nurtured our Party in the struggles it carried out under his leadership against
class enemies at home and abroad and inside and outside the Party, in hard, long, acute and complex class struggle and two-line struggles. The history of the Chinese Communist Party is a history of struggles between Chairman Mao's Marxist-Leninist line and the Right and "Left" opportunist lines in the Party. Under Chairman Mao's leadership, our Party defeated the opportunist lines pursued by Chen Tu-hsiu, Chu Chiu-pai, Li Li-san, Lo Chang-lung, Wang Ming, Chang Kuo-tao, Kao Kang-Jao Shu-shih and Peng Teh-huai and again, during the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, triumphed over the counter-revolutionary revisionist line of Liu Shao-chi, Lin Piao and Teng Hsiao-ping. Guided by Chairman Mao's Marxist-Leninist line, our Party has steadily grown in strength; it has developed from small groups of a few dozen Communists into a Party with a membership of over 30 million which now leads the People's Republic of China, into a disciplined Party armed with the theory of Marxism-Leninism, using the method of self-criticism and closely linked with the masses of the people, and into a great, glorious and correct Marxist-Leninist Party.
Chairman Mao tempered and nurtured our army in protracted revolutionary wars. He long ago put forward the famous thesis "Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun." He led the Autumn Harvest Uprising, founded the first Workers' and Peasants' Red Army and set up the first rural revolutionary base area int he Chingkang Mountains. In the last 50 years, Chairman Mao led our army in smashing the counter-revolutionary campaigns of "encirclement and suppression" launched by the Kuomintang against the revolutionary base areas, in successfully completing the world-renowned 25,000-li Long March, in defeating Japanese imperialism, in wiping out eight million troops of the
Chiang Kai-shek gang armed by U.S. imperialism and, after the founding of New China, in victoriously waging the War to Resist U.S. Aggression and Aid Korea, triumphantly repulsing the armed provocations against our country by Soviet revisionist social-imperialism and reaction, and defending the security of the motherland. During the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, our army followed Chairman Mao's teachings and supported industry, agriculture and the broad masses of the Left, exercised military control and gave political and military training, thereby making new contributions to the people. Chairman Mao formulated for our army a Marxist-Leninist line on army building and the strategy and tactics of people's war, and this is the fundamental reason why our army was able to grow from small to big, from weak to strong, develop into powerful armed forces combining field armies, local armies and a vast militia and become the solid pillar of the dictatorship of the proletariat. Against the people's armed forces armed with Mao Tse-tung Thought, any enemy that dares to intrude will certainly be drowned in the vast ocean of people's war.
Basing himself on the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism and integrating it with the concrete practice of the Chinese revolution, Chairman Mao Tse-tung correctly solved the series of fundamental problems concerning the seizure of political power by armed force, the consolidation of the dictatorship of the proletariat and the prevention of capitalist restoration in China.
During the period of the new-democratic revolution, Chairman Mao analysed Chinese history and existing conditions and the principal contradiction in Chinese society, correctly answered the questions of the targets, tasks, motive forces, character, perspectives and transformation of the new-democratic revolution in China, and laid down the general line and general policy of our Party for that historical period, that is, the new-democratic revolution against imperialism, feudalism and bureaucrat-capitalism waged by the broad masses of the people under the leadership of the proletariat. Chairman Mao pointed out that the seizure of political power by armed force in China could be achieved only by following the road of building rural base areas, encircling the cities from the countryside and finally seizing the cities, and not by any other road. Summing up the historical experience of our Party, Chairman Mao pointed out that the three principal magic weapons for the Chinese Communist Party to defeat the enemy in the Chinese revolution were a Communist Party built on the Marxist-Leninist revolutionary theory and in the marxist-Leninist revolutionary style, an army under the leadership of a such a Party, and a united front of all revolutionary classes and all revolutionary groups under the leadership of such a Party. Chairman Mao led our Party in using these three weapons to win the great victory of the new-democratic revolution and found the People's Republic of China. The victory of the Chinese people's revolution led by Chairman Mao changed the situation in the East and in the world, blazing a new trail for the cause of liberation of the oppressed nations and oppressed people.
In the new historical period of socialist revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat in China, Chairman Mao summed up both the positive and the negative experience of the international communist movement, made a penetrating analysis of the class relations in socialist society by applying the Marxist-Leninist theory of the unity of opposites, and pointed out that the principal contradiction in socialist society is the contradiction between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie. For the first time in the history of the development of Marxism, Chairman mao explicitly pointed out that there are still classes and class struggle after the socialist transformation of the ownership of the means of production has in the main been completed, put forward the thesis is that in socialist society there are two different types of contradictions - those between ourselves and the enemy and those among the people themselves, and advanced the great theory of continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat. Chairman Mao time and again admonished the whole Party, the whole army and the people of the whole country, "never forget class struggle", he pointed out that socialist society covers a considerably long historical period and that, throughout this historical period, there are classes,class contradictions and class struggle, there is the struggle between the socialist road and the capitalist road, there is the danger of capitalist restoration and there is the threat of subversion and aggression by imperialism and social-imperialism, and established the Party's basic line for the entire historical period of socialism. In view of the changes in class relations and the characteristics of the class struggle in the period of socialism, Chairman Mao drew the scientific conclusion: "You are making the socialist revolution, and yet don't know where the bourgeoisie is. It is right in the Communist Party - those in power taking the capitalist road. The capitalist-roaders are still on the capitalist road." Representing the aspirations and interests of the working class and the poor and lower-middle peasants to continue the revolution, Chairman Mao himself initiated and led that Great proletarian Cultural Revolution, which smashed the schemes of Liu Shao-chi, Lin Piao and Teng Hsiao-ping for restoration, criticized their counter-revolutionary revisionist line and enabled us to seize back that portion of leading power in the Party and state they had usurped, thus ensuring China's victorious advance along the Marxist-Leninist road. The constant defeat of subversion and sabotage by imperialism, revisionism and reaction, the upholding of socialism and the consolidation of the dictatorship of the proletariat in the People's Republic of China, a populous country with a vast territory - this is a great contribution of world historic significance made by Chairman Mao Tse-tung to the present era and has at the same time provided the international communist movement with new experience in combating and preventing revisionism, consolidating the dictatorship of the proletariat, preventing capitalist restoration and building socialism.
Chairman Mao Tse-tung was the greatest Marxist of the contemporary era. With the great boldness and vision of a proletarian revolutionary, he launched the great struggle int he international communist movement to criticize mo-Carn revisionism with the Soviet revisionist renegade clique at the core, brought about the vigorous development of the cause of the world proletarian revolution and the cause of the people of all countries against imperialism and hegemonism, and pushed the history of mankind forward. Basing himself on the principle of integrating the universal truth of Marxism-Leninism with the concrete practice of the revolution, Chairman mao summed up the experience of domestic and international revolutionary struggles, inherited, defended and developed Marxism-Leninism in all respects and enriched the treasure hours of Marxist theory. Mao Tse-tung thought is a powerful ideological weapon for opposing the bourgeoisie and all other exploiting classes and for opposing imperialism, social-imperialism and the reactionaries of all countries. The correctness of incorrectness of the ideological and political line decides everything. All victories won by the Chinese people are great victories of Mao Tse-tung Thought. Mao Tse-tung Thought will always illuminate the Chinese people's road of advance.
Chairman Mao Tse-tung is a brilliant example of whole-heated devotion to the interests of the people of China and the world. Chairman Mao dedicated all his energies throughout his life till his last breath to the liberation of the Chinese people, to the emancipation of the oppressed nations and oppressed people the world over, and to the cause of communism. A great proletarian revolutionary like Chairman Mao, who weathers all kinds of revolutionary storms, overcomes every difficulty and hardship, and always identifies himself with the workers, peasants and other labouring people and stands in the van of the revolutionary movement to guide it forward, is rare indeed in the annals of the proletarian revolutionary movement. The magnificent contributions Chairman Mao made in revolutionary theory and practice are immortal. Chairman Mao has passed away. This is a loss beyond measure to our Party, our army and the people of all nationalities of our country, to the international proletariat and the revolutionary people of all countries and to the international communist movement.
The whole Party, the whole army and the people of all nationalities throughout the country must respond to the call of the Party Central Committee actively, turn grief into strength, carry on the cause left behind by Char??? Mao, "practice Marxism, and not revisionism; unite, and don't split; be open and aboveboard, and don't intrigue and conspire, " and, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee, carry through to the end the cause of the proletarian revolution in China which Chairman Mao pioneered.
Internally, we must conscientiously study Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tse-tung Thought, take class struggle as the key link, adhere to the basic line and the policies of the Party for the entire historical period of socialism, persevere in continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, consolidate the great unity of the people of all nationalities led by the working class and based on the worker-peasant alliance, deepen the struggle to criticize Teng Hsiao-ping and repulse the Right deviationist attempt to reverse correct verdicts, consolidate and develop the victories of the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, combat and prevent revisionism, consolidate the dictatorship of the proletariat, maintain independence and keep the initiative in our own hands and rely on our own effort,s work to build our country into a powerful socialist state, and strive to make a greater contribution to humanity. We are determined to accomplish the sacred cause of liberating Taiwan and reunifying our motherland.
Externally, we must continue to carry out resolutely Chairman Mao's revolutionary line and policies in foreign affairs, uphold proletarian internationalism, and never seek hegemony. We must strengthen our unity with the international proletariat and the oppressed nations and oppressed people the world over, strengthen our unity with the people of the third world countries, and strengthen our unity with all the countries subjected to aggression, subversion, interference; control or bullying by imperialism and social-imperialism so as to form the broadest possible united front against imperialism, in particular against the hegemonism of the two superpowers, the Soviet Union and the United States. We must unite with all genuine Marxist-Leninist Parties and organizations in the world and wage a common struggle for the abolition of the system of exploitation of man by man and the realization of communism on earth, for the liberation of all mankind;
Chairman Mao Tse-tung will live for ever in our hearts!
Long live invincible Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tse-tung Thought!
Long live the great, glorious and correct Communist Party of China!
Eternal glory to the great leader and teacher Chairman Mao Tse-tung!
The mourners make three bows before the portrait of Chairman Mao.
The East is Red.
"The east is red,"The sun rises.
China has brought forth a Mao Tse-tung.
He works for the people's happiness,
He is the people's great liberator."
This stirring and sublime song in praise of Chairman Mao touches the hearts of hundreds of millions and today, ad never before, fills them with a boundless sense of loss over the passing of the great leader. Our party, our country, our army, and our people owe what they are today to Chairman Mao's wise leadership. The confidence, hope and strength of those who suffered in the past, and the new generation brought up under the red flag in triumphing over all difficulties, their ardent aspirations for the future of Communism -- all are linked with the great name of Chairman Mao Tse-tung and are born of invincible Marxism-Leninism Mao Tse-tung Thought. The Chinese people, in their hundreds of millions, will go on singing this song from generation to generation and will always turn their hearts to Chairman Mao.
Wang Hung-wen speaks
The memorial meeting for the great leader and teacher Chairman Mao Tse-tung comes to an end.
Portrait of Chairman Mao
But Chairman has not left us. He will always live in our hearts. Mao Tse-tung thought will always illuminate the course of our advance
People take oath
Their boundless grief is turning into tremendous strength.
People take oath
Pledges and more pledges. 800 million people solemnly pledge to always remember Chairman Mao's adjuration: "Act according to the principles laid down", persevere in taking class struggle as the key link, adhere to the party's basic line, persist in continuing the revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat, uphold proletarian internationalism, and, under the leadership of the Party Central Committee, forge ahead valiantly along the revolutionary course charted by Chairman Mao.
Chairman Mao's portrait and pines
The great leader Chairman Mao's magnificent contributions are immortal.
Long live invincible Marxism-Leninism Mao Tse-tung Thought!
Long live the great, glorious, and correct Communist Party of China!
Eternal glory to the great leader and teacher Chairman Mao Tse-tung!