"Combat", the French daily newspaper which began as the mouthpiece of the French Resistance, during the 2nd World War, is closing down after thirty years.
GV PAN DOWN EXT Combat building
CU Combat "Redaction, Administration" office sign
GV ZOOM IN TO CU Employees discuss layout
SV ZOOM IN TO CU Employee looking at telex
GV Employee on phone
GV & CU Typing at machines (2 shots)
SCU Type-setting and preparing plates (2 shots)
SCU EXT Man buying last issue in street
CU Combat on news-stand ZOOM OUT TO GV newsagents
Initials BB/1645 RS/JB/BB/1721
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Background: "Combat", the French daily newspaper which began as the mouthpiece of the French Resistance, during the 2nd World War, is closing down after thirty years.
Sales of the paper, which had a circulation of 180,000 when it first appeared openly in 1944, had fallen to only 2,400 and deficits have been running at up to 200,000 francs (GBP 18,000 sterling) per month.
The decision to close came soon after the death last month of Mr. Henry Smadja, who held a controlling share in the paper since 1947.
Announcing the closure of the paper, the former owner's nephew, M. Jean-Marc Smadja, said he had failed to find outside backing or to sell the premises and move to the outskirts of Paris with a smaller team.
"Combat" was born out of the merger of the two underground newspapers "Liberte" and "Verite" in 1941, and was first published openly after the liberation of Paris in 1944 with the slogan "From Resistance to Revolution". Contributors included such eminent intellectuals as Albert Camus and Ja???-Paul Sartre. But political differences arose in the fifties between owners and editors. The paper started out as a left wing publication but moved more to the centre of French politics. Despite a succession of different teams, circulation was never revived.