• Short Summary

    LANGA, CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    INTRODUCTION: A group of workers in the tiny Ciskei homeland of South Africa have decided to boycott official independence celebrations scheduled for next December.

  • Description

    LANGA, CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    LV ZOOM IN CU Union member speaking in Xhosa, translated into Afrikaans. (3 SHOTS) 0.29
    CU PULL BACK SV Audience singing. 1.14
    BACK VIEW & SV Union member speaking and translated. (2 SHOTS) 1.47
    SV Audience seated and chanting. (3 SHOTS) 2.26
    LV Thozamile Gqweta standing on platform. 2.29
    CU Gqweta speaking in English. 2.38
    GV Audience chanting, singing. 2.43

    Background: LANGA, CAPE TOWN, SOUTH AFRICA

    INTRODUCTION: A group of workers in the tiny Ciskei homeland of South Africa have decided to boycott official independence celebrations scheduled for next December. The boycott is part of a union campaign against South Africa's apartheid policy. They say their aim is also to expose the "true meaning" of the government's plan to grant independence to all homelands.

    SYNOPSIS: About 250 people of Langa township were in this church hall to discuss the December Independence celebrations. Organisers claimed many more would have turned up but for confusing police broadcasts about a change of venue. The case for a boycott was put by union leaders speaking in Xhosa and translated for the audience into Afrikaans.

    Ciskei is a small homeland territory north east of Port Elizabeth with a population of about 600,000. Last December they voted overwhelmingly in favour of accepting independence from the ruling administration in Pretoria despite the recommendation of a specially-appointed international commission of inquiry. The commission decided independence was unwise because Ciskei was economically unviable, the smallest and poorest black area of racially-separated South Africa. These people have one of the world's lowest per capita annual income levels at 250 Rand (300 US dollars). Independence would not change a heavy financial dependence on Pretoria for many years.

    These Food and Canning Workers Union speakers said homeland governments were little more than puppets of Pretoria. They also accused South Africa's government officials of directing a campaign of repression against trades unions. The union claimed homeland rulers led by chief Minister Lennox Sebe had no support from the people of Ciskei, despite the vote in which official figures released showed only about 1,500 people voted against independence.

    The creation of independence satellites by South Africa is a major factor in the policy of apartheid. So far three of the ten homelands where most of the country's blacks live have become independent. They are Bophuthat???wana, Transkei and Yenda. The idea is for the different races in the country to develop separately. Critics say it is a measure designed to ensure white supremacy and privilege in the best agricultural areas of South Africa. It's also claimed these people in Ciskei and the other homelands will have fewer facilities and a much lower standard of living.

    Mr. Thozamile Gqweta, President of the South African Allied Workers' Union (SAAWU) announced the boycott after describing recent government drives against unions in the Port of East London. Mr. Gqweta has been detained four times in 18 months.

    Source: REUTERS - MIKE GAVSHON

  • Tags

  • Data

    Film ID:
    VLVA2J5U3HTRENBCZM9OI4C152Q2L
    Media URN:
    VLVA2J5U3HTRENBCZM9OI4C152Q2L
    Group:
    Reuters - Including Visnews
    Archive:
    Reuters
    Issue Date:
    29/09/1981
    Sound:
    Unknown
    HD Format:
    Available on request
    Stock:
    Colour
    Duration:
    00:02:42:00
    Time in/Out:
    /
    Canister:
    N/A

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