Self-management and delegational system is an integral part of modern socialism, characteristic of Yugoslav socialistic development (contrary to etatistic, centralistic socialistic systems in Eastern Europe).
JELOVICA GV Meeting of workers council (4 shots)
PAN New drying house for timber under construction
GV INTERIOR Drying house with machinery being installed
GV Goods stacked in factory yard and inside factory and being loaded onto a fork lift truck
LJUBLJANA GV EXTERIOR Slovenia Parliament House
GV Statue of Edvard Kardelj
SKOFJA LOKA PAN New block of flats to new houses in Skofja Loka
CU Sign "Skofja Loka" PAN TO GV of town
GV'S School building and children playing in playground (4 shots)
GV New block of flats. PAN TO new houses
PAN New sports centre
GV'S Interior of supermarket (4 shots)
PAN People paying for purchases (2 shots)
CU Jewellery on display
GV People looking at jewellery. CUT TO jewellery on display (3 shots)
GV ZOOM TO CU Book with Tito's photograph on cover
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Background: Self-management and delegational system is an integral part of modern socialism, characteristic of Yugoslav socialistic development (contrary to etatistic, centralistic socialistic systems in Eastern Europe).
This Yugoslav system creates conditions, so that a worker using socially owned means of production, becomes master of means of labour and exploits results of his work on basis of equal rights and duties of all who associate labour with him.
It all started in 1950 shortly after Yugoslav break from Soviet block, when factories were handed to workers.
Constitution 1963 says: The realisation of self management is done directly on meetings of voters by referendums and by direct decisions taken by workers in factories, as well as by decisions taken by citizens out of factories in village or local communities - and through their delegates, elected to managing posts or village communities leaders by self management organisations and representative bodies.
Constitution of 1974 added to this: Relations between workers and organisations of assembled labour companies, firms and relations between other organisations of assembled labour are regulated by so called self-management agreements and social compacts.
Basic organisation of assembled work is a form in which workers directly realize their rights and decide about their socio-economic position.
Scientific, culture, health and other similar foundations exchange their services with organisations of assembled labour through so called self management communities of interest.
Also: complete social system is based on delegational-electoral system which means that local village communities, basic organisations of assembled labour factories and self managing communities of interest elect their delegations-which are sending their delegates to sessions of communities assemblies, autonomous province's assemblies, republic and federal Yugoslav assembly.
Decisions taken in basic forms factories and communities are only taken forward by delegates to higher forms of power. Delegates are, so to say, not representatives, but just a link between basic self management units and higher communal, province, republic socio-political bodies up to federal assembly or state parliament body.
This, in short, is the core of the very complicated modern socialistic political system in Yugoslavia. But its intentions are more clear:
1. direct democracy large powers of workers and citizens and their top influence to all social life in the country.
2. system which could replace classical institution of state.
3. social agreement should displace laws and negate taxes.
4. Self management communities of interest should substitute ministries.
5. The fate of factories is absolutely in hands of its workers, that is why strike are, theoretically, impossible. And the fate of village communities and all their problems is in hands of citizens of communities and their self participation money for uprising new local objects is in their hand and substitutes taxes. Citizens can freely create their village on condition they pay some small money for republic and federal tax system, but main money goes for their local project.