Africa's economic prospects and options for 1983 do not appear bright -- in common with much of the rest of the world.
1. (BENIN TV) COTONOU, BENIN: GVs & SVs Ghanaians on their way to port with vehicles laden with belongings and furniture (5 shots) 0.22
2. (VISLIB) LAGOS, NIGERIA: GVs Ghana High Commission, where Ghanaians are registering (3 shots) 0.32
3. RIVERS STATE, NIGERIA: GV & SVs Drilling rig on riverside; workers on rig (5 shots) 0.41
4. LAGOS, NIGERIA: GV & SVs Road construction; traffic on street; CU numberplate; traffic on highway (5 shots) 0.56
5. ACCRA, GHANA: SV AND GVs Jerry Rawlings addressing large crowd from top of tank, surrounded by soldiers; crowd at rally (5 shots) 1.13
6. ACCRA: GVs & SVs Activity at docks; city shops; people in shops and empty shelves (5 shots) 1.25
7. OBUASI, GHANA: SVs & GVs Miners at work in gold mines; miners working on ore face; pots of molten gold prepared for pouring; gold in pots; security man carrying gold bars (8 shots) 1.58
8. ACCRA GHANA: GV PAN AND SVs People at Accra Sports Stadium; people queueing for application forms and submitting forms to officer (3 shots) 2.09
9. KAMPALA, UGANDA: GV & SVs Troops firing salute and on the march as Idi Amin looks on and inspects troops (4 shots) 2.22
10. ENTEBBE, UGANDA: SVs Expelled British Asians boarding aircraft (2 shots) 2.31
11. JINJA, UGANDA: GVs & SVs Tanzanian forces and artillery fire (3 shots) 2.41
12. KARAMOJA, UGANDA: GV & SV Children running to school; seated outside schoolroom; children eating at food aid centre; women working in maize field (5 shots) 2.55
13. VARIOUS LOCATIONS, ZAMBIA: GVs & SVs Refugees with few possessions walking along roadside, stopped by officer; unemployed men outside motor plant; men unloading vegetables at market (6 shots) 3.19
14. KAMBURU DAM AND MOMBASA POWER STATION, KENYA: GVs & SVs Construction work in progress (2 shots) 3.41
15. MOGADISHU AND VARIOUS, SOMALIA: GVs & SVs Mogadishu streets and traffic; slums and dilapidated buildings with children and goat outside; poor nomadic settlement (9 shots) 4.08
16. SOMALIA: GV AND SVs Refugee camp; children being fed (3 shots) 4.17
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Background: VARIOUS, AFRICA
Africa's economic prospects and options for 1983 do not appear bright -- in common with much of the rest of the world. Yet this vast continent has special problems which will make the road to recovery an arduous one. 1982 was a disastrous year. Commodity prices have remained low and debts have mounted. Several African countries are beset by violent political conflicts; many are under repressive rule. Massive economic problems are especially obvious in West Africa. In Nigeria, more than one million Ghanaian workers and their families have been expelled. Reuters quotes observers as saying the mass expulsion is aimed at creating jobs for Nigerians, in a country which has suffered greatly from declining oil revenues.
SYNOPSIS: Thousands have fled to Benin on their way to Ghana. Convoys of vehicles loaded with household goods move towards the port of Cotonou, in the hope of finding a ship to take them home. Ghana has supplied its own vessels and five airlines are operating special charter flights. Ghana's land borders remain closed.
Ghanaians resident in Nigeria were subject to registration procedures there. But the government could not keep track of the thousands flooding in to find work.
Oil money lured workers -- skilled and unskilled -- from all over Africa. Nigeria enjoyed an unprecedented boom in the 1970s and became the world's eight largest oil producer.
The Nigerian capital, Lagos, was transformed. When most countries were struggling to revive their shaky economies, Nigeria was enjoying an economic miracle. New highways were built. Foreign investment flooded in. Private enterprise flourished. But the world glut of oil slashed Nigeria's economic options; she now faces huge debts and massive internal cutbacks.
Ghanaian leader Jerry Rawlings -- he came to power twice in military coups -- has failed to revive his nation's economy. While exhorting Ghanaians to "support the people's revolution" he has implemented few economic plans.
Yet Ghana's largely-untouched gold reserves show phenomenal potential. Reserves are thought to equal those of South Africa; what's needed is foreign investment to develop them. Despite this potential, Ghana's gold production has been declining since 1960 because of a lack of capital and heavy taxation.
Since Rawlings took power, Ghanaians and foreign residents have applied in their thousands to leave the country, unhopeful of any real change in Ghana's fortunes.
After 20 turbulent years of independence, Uganda is another African nation facing an uncertain economic future. Political and tribal rivalries culminated in the takeover by Idi Amin in 1971. Eight years of brutal repression followed. Amin, proclaiming an "economic war", expelled 70,000 British Asians. Their lands, shops and goods were taken over by Ugandans. The ailing economy was further weakened. By mid-1979, Tanzanian troops and Uganda exiles were in control of much of the country and Amin's reign was over.
Foreign aid still feeds and educates many Ugandan children. But overseas investment is slowly returning to Uganda. Workers are back in the fields; commodity shortages have eased.
For Zambia, the end of the war in neighbouring Zimbabwe, has led to greater hopes for economic stability. Zambia had previously carried the financial and social burden of thousands of Zimbabwean refugees. With that problem gone, the socialists government is re-developing the agricultural sector, aim at major exports by 1990. The copper industry contributes 90 per cent of exports, but world demand continues to fall. And the government is promoting diverse mineral exploration -- emeralds, tin, gas, oil -- to lessen its dependence on copper.
The roots of Kenya's economic problems go back more than a decade. Despite radical fiscal reforms in the early 1970s, Kenya faces one central, issue -- the demands of a growing population which increases at a meteoric 4.1 per cent a year. The pressure on its resources -- from food production, jobs, land use -- is gathering momentum.
One of the continent's poorest nations is Somalia. Its capital, Mogadishu, appears a bustling, modern city. But the reality of poverty and deprivation is a far cry from this. Years of border fighting with Ethiopia, severe drought and a huge refugee population have deeply scarred the Somali economy. Twenty of the world's poorest nations are in Africa, struggling under the burdens of population, poverty and political upheaval, with little apparent sign of respite in the '80s.
Source: REUTERS - M. LAWANI/REUTERS LIBRARY