The West African state of Upper Volta, hit by the worst drought for sixty years, has been receiving relief supplies of food from the United States.
SV Accra airport (Kotoka International airport)
SV & CU Aircraft being loaded with supplies (4 shots)
SCU Workers loading sorghum with US labels on sacks
SV Airport worker gives thumbs-up sign for take-off
SV & GV plane taxiing and taking off (2 shots)
Initials ES 1911 ES 1925
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Background: The West African state of Upper Volta, hit by the worst drought for sixty years, has been receiving relief supplies of food from the United States.
Sorghum -- also known as Indian millet or Guinea corn -- is being airlifted there from Accra in Ghana by Est German airforce planes. Two planes are making four flights each day to the capital, Ouagadougou, carrying 11 1/2 tons of sorghum per flight.
Upper Volta is completely landlocked: it is 600 miles (960 kms) from the sea at the nearest point.
The former French colony is second to last on the United Nations list of the least-developed countries. The annual income per head for its population if 5 million is put at 60 dollars (24 pounds sterling).
Maize millet and cattle are traditional produce, but since the drought, even this meagre livelihood has been denied to the mainly rural communities. Sixty to eighty per cent of the livestock is estimated to have died, and the annual harvest is only one-third of its usual size.
The five successive years of drought in Upper Volta have depleted the food supplies to 30,000 tons below the required amount.
As well as American aid, Upper Volta is receiving contributions from Britain, France, the People's Republic of China, the Soviet Union, Algeria, West Germany, the EEC and the United Nations food and Agriculture Organisation.
SYNOPSIS: The International airport in Ghana has become an important link in the lifeline of neighbouring Upper Volta, where people are starving because of the drought in West Africa. West German airforce planes are airlifting grain supplied by the American aid programme to the landlocked former French colony. Two planes are taking the supplies, each carrying 11 1/2 tons of sorghum per trip. Aid is also trip sent via Ghana to other drought-hit nations int he region.
The sorgum -- also known as Indian millet -- will help replace the country's food supplies, which have fallen to thirty-thousand tons below the required amount after five years of drought.
The new harvest is only one-third of its usual size and 60 to 80 per cent of the livestock are estimated to have died in the parched countryside. Upper Volta ranks second to last on the United Nations' list of least developed countries. The annual income per head of its population of five million is put at 60 dollars. Aid is also being provided by the United Nations, the European common Market, Britain, France, West Germany, the People's Republic of China, the Soviet Union and Algeria.