After a day of behind-the-scenes diplomatic activity, a special meeting of the United Nations Security Council, requested by the United States, finally began on Monday evening (8th October).
GV Security Council in session.
U.S. Ambassador speaking -
GV Security Council
Egyptian Foreign Minister speaking:
SV ZOOM IN Chinese Ambassador speaking in Chinese.
GV Security Council.
SV Soviet Ambassador speaking in Russian.
John Scali: "The present tragedy can be made a new beginning rather than simply another lost opportunity. As we see it, there are a number of principles which the Council must seek to apply. First, in a situation where the fighting is raging unchecked, the most appropriate means must be found for bringing the hostilities to an end. Military operations must be halted. The guns must fall silent so that additional human suffering may be avoided and the search for peace proceed."
Dr. el-Zayyat: "We came to the Council, seeking its support to put an end to an occupation, maintained and consolidated for some sixty years, on a part of Egypt's land and soil, as well as on other parts of two sister states. Fourteen out of the fifteen members around this table firmly supported Egypt's claim. Egypt's position was fully anchored in the most sacred principles of the Charter. Yet we all witnessed how the collective will of the Council members war paralysed and rendered inoperative by the veto of the distinguished delegate of the U.S.A."
Initials APSM/0.14 APSM/1.15
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Background: After a day of behind-the-scenes diplomatic activity, a special meeting of the United Nations Security Council, requested by the United States, finally began on Monday evening (8th October).
The American Ambassador, John Scali, called for a halt to the fighting and for Egypt, Syria and Israel to return to the positions they occupied before the latest hostilities began.
The Egyptian Foreign Minister, Mohammed el-Zayyat, repeated the charge he had made earlier at the General Assembly, that Israel had started the fighting. He said the U.S. cease-fire proposal meant that Egypt was being called on to surrender part of its territory to another country. Dr. el-Zayyat also referred to the United States veto earlier this year which killed a proposal made by the Security Council. The proposal called on the Middle East countries to return to the positions they occupied before the 1967 war.
The Ambassador from the People's Republic of China, Huang Kua, supported Egypt, Syria and the Palestinians "in the just action they are taking to resist the aggressors" and he demanded that any Council resolution condemn the "acts of aggression by the Israeli Zionists in the strongest terms."
Speaking in Chinese, the Ambassador accused the United States and the Soviet Union of "encouraging the aggressive armies of the Israeli Zionists" and he denounced what he termed "the fallacious arguments of the so called detente."
The Soviet representative, Ambassador Jacob Malik tack a more moderate stand, calling only for a clearcut statement by Israel of its readiness to withdraw from all the Arab territories it captured in the 1967 war. Speaking in Russian, Ambassador Malik said the Soviet Union had not thought it "entirely appropriate" to call the Council into session, as he did not believe that it could take any constructive decision in the present circumstances. Mr. Malik went on to say that the adoption of any new resolution would again be exploited by "the aggressor", and Israel would continue what he described as its occupation, appropriation and annexation of Arab lands.
The meeting adjourned after 87 minutes and resumed again on Tuesday evening (9th October).
SYNOPSIS: The U.N. Security Council met on Monday to discuss the Middle East war. The United States Ambassador, John Scali spokes first.
The Egyptian Foreign Minister, Mohammed el-Zayyat put forward the Arabs' case.
The Ambassador from The People's Republic of China, Kuang Hua, supported Egypt, Syria and the Palestinians in what he called the "just" action they were taking to resist "the aggressors."
The Soviet Ambassador, Jacob Malik, took a more moderate stand.
Ambassador Malik called only for a clearcut statement by Israel of its readiness tow withdraw from all Arab territories captured in the 1967 war. Mr. Malik said the Soviet Union had not thought it "entirely appropriate" to call the Council into session, as it did not believe that it could take any constructive decision in the present circumstances.