At the United Nations on Wednesday (15 October) the Security Council held a public session on the Iran-Iraq war.
IRAN SV PAN FROM Man-made reservoir to smoke billowing in distance near Abadan
SV Iraqi soldiers with guns taking up positions as smoke billows on horizon (4 shots)
GV Abadan with air-raid siren blowing
GV Smouldering oil installation
SV TEHERAN Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr speaking in Farsi
GV Iranian jet bombarding Baghdad Iraq
GV Smoke rising form horizon beyond Baghdad (2 shots)
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Background: At the United Nations on Wednesday (15 October) the Security Council held a public session on the Iran-Iraq war. In the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, the Secretary-General of the Islamic Conference Organisation began talks with Iraqi authorities in a fresh effort to end the war, But the Gulf War continues around Iran's oil town of Abadan, and Iranian fighters raided Baghdad for the second day in a row.
SYNOPSIS: Iran claimed to have forced Iraqi troops back to a distance of four miles (seven km) from Abadan, site of the biggest refinery in the Middle East. On Monday (13 October), Abadan was under fire from heavy Iraqi artillery, with ground forces involved in fierce fighting on the city approaches. The Iraqi push towards Abadan gathered momentum over the weekend (11-12 October) after troops and armour crossed the strategic Karun river. The Iraqi High Command claimed its forces had destroyed an oil pumping station and a power plant at Ahwaz, and had sealed off the Ahwaz-Abadan highway, cutting off Iranian supply lines.
But, on Wednesday (15 October), Iran said Iraqi aircraft providing support for Iraqi ground forces around Abadan had been driven away by anti-aircraft fire, as the defenders kept up their resistance. Iranian officials also said fighting was continuing around Khorramshahr. The Iraqi drive towards key Iran an oil centres was seen as part of a plan to deny Iran Fuel. On Wednesday (15 October), Iranian authorities announced further petrol rationing.
Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr told a news conference in Teheran on Saturday (11 October) the war could only end with the collapse of the Iraqi government, which he claimed had become a victim of its own aggression. He also accused the enemy of bombarding civilians.
On Tuesday (14 October), Iranian fighter bombers blasted targets in Baghdad in the first air-raid on the Iraqi capital since October the 4th. As Iranian Phantom Jets struck at targets south of the Dora Refinery, including fuel storage tanks, they drew heavy fire from anti-aircraft guns. The Iraqi High Command said the planes had hit residential and civilian areas, wounding twelve civilians.