After being ruled by decree from Tanzania for nearly sixteen years, the island of Zanzibar now has its first elected Parliament.
GV EXTERIOR House of representatives in Zanzibar
SV Members of House arriving for opening (2 shots)
GV Car arrives carrying Chairman of Zanzibar Revolutionary Council, Ndugu Jumbe, to opening
SV Guard of Honour presents arms as band plays
SV Jumbe standing on dais as guard of honour stands to attention (2 shots)
SV Parliamentarians entering House
SV INTERIOR Jumbe addressing MPs
SV INTERIOR Crowd sitting outside House listening to speech
CU INTERIOR Jumbe speaking
GV Parliamentarians listening to speech
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Background: After being ruled by decree from Tanzania for nearly sixteen years, the island of Zanzibar now has its first elected Parliament. Earlier this month (7 January), party committees on zanzibar and neighbouring Pemba voted for members of a House of Representatives under a new constitution. On Tuesday (15 January), the new House of Representatives was declared open.
SYNOPSIS: Zanzibar's leaders say the new House symbolises a move towards a move towards democracy on the Spice Isles.
In all, the House has 115 members . Sixty were elected by committees of Tanzania's Chama Cha Mapinduzi--or Revolutionary Party--and mass organisations. The remaining 55 were nominated.
A direct vote by all Zanzibar's electors resulted in the re-election of Ndugu Aboud Jumbe as chairman of the ruling Revolutionary Council. A guard of honour greeted him on his arrival at the House of Representatives.
Mr. Jumbe is also Tanzania's Vice President. Since the 1964 revolution, which overthrew the Sultanate, Zanzibar has been effectively ruled by decree--despite its merger with the Tanganyika mainland to form the Union of Tanzania.
Under the new constitution, Parliamentary elections will be held every five years. In his inauguration speech, Mr. Jumbe said the main role of the House of Representatives was to ensure that the Government and its institutions were run by, and in the interests of, the workers and peasants.
The Revolutionary Council Chairman said the establishment of the House of Representatives was not the beginning or the end of the efforts to build a democracy in Zanzibar. Mr. Jumbe said the struggle to bring about social, political and economic change for the people of Zanzibar and Pemba must continue until full justice and equality was achieved.