PITTSBURGH, Pa. -- A ten-million-dollar floating laboratory, this country's most completely automate oceanographic research ship, is now on a 37 thousand-mile, eight-month journey.
Arrive#April 19#Plymouth, England
Arrive #April 30#Monaco
Arrive#May 11#Odessa#Soviet Union
Arrive#may 18#Port Said, Egypt
Depart#May 18#Port Said
Arrive#May 22#Massaua, Ethiopia
Arrive#June 8#Bombay, India
Depart#June 13#Bombay (at sea)
Arrive#July 13#Penang, Malaysia
Depart#July 18#Penang (at sea)
Arrive#August 24#Fremantle, Australia
Arrive#September 14#Sydney, Australia
Arrive#October 2#Wellington, New Zealand
Arrive#October 25#Valparaiso, Chile
Arrive #November 4#Callao, Peru
Arrive#November 28#San Diego, California
Depart#December 1#San Diego
Arrive#December 8#Seattle Washington
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Background: PITTSBURGH, Pa. -- A ten-million-dollar floating laboratory, this country's most completely automate oceanographic research ship, is now on a 37 thousand-mile, eight-month journey. The OCEANOGRAPHER, operated by the Coast & Geodetic Survey, an agency of the Environmental Science Services Administration in the U.s. Department of Commerce, carries automatic control, data acquisition and computer equipment developed by Westinghouse Electric Corporation.
The OCEANOGRAPHER was built to conduct deepwater surveys anywhere in the world.
The ship and all her functions are monitored and controlled by a Westinghouse Prodac 510 computer and Central Engine Room Control (CERC) system.
In addition to monitoring the ship's operation, the computer simultaneously ticks off 100-thousand math calculations every second.
It also sorts and analyzes the scientific data, freeing trained scientists from this routine and arduous task.
The ship's operation can be controlled from the conning tower, as well as from the bridge.
In addition to routine scientific data, the OCEANOGRAPHER gathers water samples from various depths and 100-foot core samples from the ocean floor.
Over 22 miles of wire rope are on board for the oceanographic work.
Her current voyage includes stops at 13 major ports, including one in the Soviet Union. At many stops scientists from the host country will board the ship and confer with American scientists. Some will participate in experiments on various legs of the global expedition.
-- The 303-foot, 3800-ton air conditioned vessel has a maximum operating range of 16,000 miles and can be provisioned for 150 days at sea. --
-- The normal complement of the civilian-operated ships consists of 16 ESSA commissioned officers, 45 technical and scientific personnel, and a crew of 39 civil service employees, with additional accommodations for visiting scientists. --
-- Special glass-covered ports, six in all, near the bow and stern about 15 feet below the water's surface, permit scientists to view underwater life and formations from within the ship. --
-- Normal consumption of freshwater per day is approximately 5000 gallons. Storage capacity is 27,000 gallons and a seawater distillery can produce 8000 gallons of freshwater a day. --
-- The OCEANOGRAPHER's equipment measures and records ship's course and speed, magnetic field intensity, gravity, surface current and temperature, temperature at depth, and ocean depth. --
-- Ample storage facilities, including cold storage, enable scientist to bring home samples of their findings in their original organic state for further studies in laboratories ashore. -- -- The OCEANOGRAPHER is the second ship to bear the name. The first was a lady veteran of two world wars with a charmed life and a fabulous career. She was originally the Corsair II, the three-million-dollar luxury yacht of J. P. Morgan, Sr. Built in 1897, she was commissioned by the Navy in World War I and was credited with sinking a german U-boat. Again, in World War Ii, she was service with the Navy in the Pacific. Between the two wars she was engaged in oceanographic research for the Coats and Geodetic Survey. She was decommissioned in 1944 and subsequently scrapped. --