The new self-governing nation of Papua-New Guinea took one more step towards complete self-government on Friday (25 January).
GV PAN Prison administration building
CU Sign "Corrective Institution Headquarters"
SV INT Dr. Guise interviewed
SV EXT PAN Work party breaking up rocks (2 shots)
SV Prisoners work in piggery
SV PAN Prisoners in workshop
CU Plaque with motto (in Dr. Guise's office)
SCU Dr. Guise listens to question then answers
DR. GUISE: "My duty is to accept people who go before the courts of justice and who are imprisoned, but in custody for the period by which they are sentenced.
"My policy is -- I know that there has been some criticism, but these criticisms have been very ill-founded ones. The whole of my policy towards detainses or people who go to prison is one of rehabilitation and rehabilitation does not mean that they do not do any hard work, because they do. They do pretty hard work."
INTERVIEWER: "Dr, Guise, have you in fact served time in prison?"
DR. GUISE: "Yes, my friend, yes I have served two sentences when I was a young man. One for riotous behavior -- I got a month for that and then the other for being a native and not permitted to drink liquor. and I enjoyed some liquor at a party and I got summonsed for it and I got six weeks for it. So I did spend two terms in prison when I was a young man -- in about 1934, 1935."
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Background: The new self-governing nation of Papua-New Guinea took one more step towards complete self-government on Friday (25 January). At an official ceremony, administration of the country's corrective institutions was transferred from the Australian Commissioner, Mr. John Purcell, to a Papuan-New Guinean, Mr. Wilfred Bai.
Dr. John Guise, Minister of the Interior, talked earlier to Visnews about the penal philosophy he favoured. He spoke of the need for rehabilitation -- not retribution -- and said it was essential that detainees were encouraged in productive work. In Papua-New Ginea the words "prisoner" and "prisons" are never used.
One example of this positive attitude is Bumana's corrective institution on the outskirts of Port Moresby. At Bumana detainees are engaged in producing school furniture (worth 130,000 Australian dollars a year). A piggery is also operated there. Total annual income from Bumana's enterprises comes to 380,000 Ausralian dollars.
The total number of detainees in Papua-New Ginea is 6,000. According to Dr. Guise recidivism is low and he estimates the number of 'hard-core' criminals at less than ten.