Years of civil war and political upheaval have contributed to a fundamental change in Kampuchean society.
GV People queuing with gifts for bridal couples. (2 shots)
SV INTERIOR Bride and family enter and are joined by groom.
SV Bride's father talks.
CU Couple in wedding ceremony.
GV Women plant rice in paddy fields and load it on to boat. (5 shots)
SV Women spin cotton adn use hand weaving machines.(2 shots)
SVs INTERIOR Women at work in spinning mill. (4 shots)
SVs Fabric being printed and rolled on machines, sorted and stacked for export. (5 shots)
SV INTERIOR Women at work in steel mill, rolling molten metal. (2 shots)
SV Women cut scrap metal and stack bars.
SV Hospital sign. Pregnant women and babies lie on beds. (3 shots)
SV Woman breast feeds baby, and doctor examine child. (3 shots)
SV PAN Baby lies in cot, with drip feed, and in incubator. (2 shots)
SV Children outside Kindergarten, and mothers and children inside. (4 shots)
SV Children play.(2 shots)
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Background: Years of civil war and political upheaval have contributed to a fundamental change in Kampuchean society. Women, who constitute over fifty per cent of the population, are under increasing pressure to change their lifestyles. For many, the traditional role of wife and mother after marriage still survives. But many other women also work in agriculture, manufacturing and heavy industry. The country's farming sector is able to meet more of the needs of the population with female labourers planting, harvesting and packing rice and other crops. Food aid from abroad is still donated, but there is widespread malnutrition in rural areas, though not on the scale of the 1979 famine. The Heng Samrin government has not been recognised by the United Nations and vital crop fertilisers and pest controllants have not been donated. Weaving is traditional work for women, but increasingly, the work is moving from the home to more modern industrial units. There, women operate the machinery, spin the yarn, cut and print the cloth and package it for export. But they don't just work in light industry. Many work in the steel mills seven kilometres (four miles) south of Phnom Penh, handling the red hot steel bars alongside their male colleagues. Women form part of the medical staff in ante-natal clinics, where pregnant women are checked before giving birth. Facilities include provision for immediate post-natal care for babies who need it. Kindergarten groups exist for the slightly older children, leaving their mothers to adopt a much-needed role in reviving Kampuchea's economy.