Jews in Jerusalem, Brussels and Paris demonstrated on Thursday (4 October) against the Austrian Government's decision to close the Schoenau transit camp for Soviet Jewish emigrants.
GV PAN Crowds outside Jewish Agency building in Jerusalem
TGV Crowds listen to speech (2 shots)
SCU Rabbi Kirschblum speaks from balcony PAN TO people listening below
TV Demonstrators with banners (3 shots)
TGV Demonstrators applaud
BRUSSELS: SCU Banner
SV PAN Demonstrators gather
SV Austrian Embassy (2 shots)
SVs Demonstrators approach embassy (3 shots)
PARIS: Demonstrators in duel (5 shots)
SV Demonstrators marching away
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Background: Jews in Jerusalem, Brussels and Paris demonstrated on Thursday (4 October) against the Austrian Government's decision to close the Schoenau transit camp for Soviet Jewish emigrants.
Several thousand schoolchildren joined a mass rally at the Jerusalem headquarters of the Jewish Agency, the organisation which handles immigration to Israel and is responsible for Schoanau. The youngsters heard the Deputy Speaker of the Knesset (Israel's Parliament), Yitzhak Navon, say that it was unacceptable for a government "to give in to terrorism". The next guerrilla demand of a government, he suggested, could be to boycott trade with Israel or to deny its airline landing rights abroad. Similar rallies were held in Tel Aviv and Haifa.
In Europe, Jewish demonstrators marched through Brussels and Paris in protests against the Austrian move. Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky has rejected pleas from President Nixon and from the Israeli Government to reconsider his decision and officials in Vienna said the camp would be shut down "in a very short time". But they added that the Government was studying the possibility of a direct air bridge to transport Soviet Jews to Israel, after only a short halt in Vienna.
Dr. Kreisky offered to close the camp last Friday (28 September) after Arab guerrillas threatened to kill four hostages they had seized.
SYNOPSIS: Several thousand Israeli schoolchildren joined in a mass rally in Jerusalem on Thursday. They were protesting against the Austrian Government's decision to shut down the Schoenau transit camp for Soviet Jews on their way to Israel.
The demonstration took place at the head office of the Jewish Agency, the organisation which handles immigration to Israel. The youngsters heard speeches from Rabbi Mordechai Kirschblum of the Jewish Agency Executive and from Yitzhak Navon, Deputy Speaker of the Israeli Parliament. Similar rallies were held in Tel Aviv and Haifa.
In Europe, Jews marched through the Belgian capital, Brussels to protest the Schoenau closure. The demonstration wound up outside the Austrian Embassy.
Austrian Chancellor Bruno Kreisky offered to end the camp's operations last Friday, in return for the release of four hostages held in Vienna by Arab guerrillas. He has since rejected appeals from President Nixon and from the Israeli Government to rescind his decision. Though Soviet Jews have continued to pass through Schoenau, Austrian officials say it will close down "in a very short time". But Dr. Kreisky has promised that transit will carry on as usual, and his Government is studying the possibility of a direct air bridge to Israel.
Another Jewish demonstration was held in Paris, where earlier, young militants had occupied the offices of the Austrian National Tourist Board. Twelve people were arrested.
The new Austrian plan, which will depend on Soviet agreement, is aimed at making the transit camp unnecessary. The Jews would he flown in to Vienna and directly out to Tel Aviv.