Visnews filmed Jan 20 in Buenos Aires police and military patrols on the first day of the mobilisation of transport workers to break the two-days-old general strike by 62 unions.
LV Buenos Aires citizens walk past closed shops.
LV Citizens in Florida street.
LV Citizens - closed shop in background.
SV Citizens pass police patrol car.
LV Ships in idle port.
LV Ditto - empty quayside.
SV Municipal tram from deport with armed guard.
LV Group of men outside bus garage.
SV Road barrier debris in roadway
SV Remains of attacked butchers shop.
LV Lorries outside meat packing plant
PAN Int. Meat plant - carcases lying around.
SV Hooks used in affray used by workers.
LV Armed guard outside a building.
GV Idle factory.
LV Another idle factory.
GV People and cyclists along quiet locality.
Initials JRG/PB AS/PB
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Background: Visnews filmed Jan 20 in Buenos Aires police and military patrols on the first day of the mobilisation of transport workers to break the two-days-old general strike by 62 unions.
The mobilisation order put strikers under rigid military discipline and by Jan 22 the unions called off the strike.
The situation was still tense however following "stern measures" by the police against Union leaders. The Unions said the "measures of repression" were such that they considered it undesirable to pursue the strike.
The Government, the night before President Frondizi left for a visit to the U.S, ordered the secret arrest of 200 strike leaders. When he arrived in the U.S. he said he had no grounds for concern about the stability of his Government. Later reports estimated 400-500 agitators, described as fascists and communists, were in gaol.
The first day of the strike - Jan 19 - coincide with the 40th anniversary of what Argentines call "Tragic Week" when police and strikers fought in a bloodbath.
This time the Army and National Gendarmerie kept an iron grip on the country. In Buenos Aires strike first flared at the city's meat packing plant, stronghold of union unrest. A hard core of extremists barricaded themselves inside, hurled meat hooks at besieging police. In the affray the police shot scores of sheep. Reports said some extremists - described as peronist fanatics - were thrown out the fourth floor windows of the plant. But the police categorically denied this. Other damaged buildings included a butchers shop.
The strike, called over the rising cost of living coupled with governmental austerity measures, shut down public transport, docks and airport, newspaper and telegraph offices.