INTRODUCTION: The Soviet grain crop has suffered from heat-waves and floods this season, seriously depleting the harvest.
GV PAN Corn field with harvesters
SV Harvesters at work (2 shots)
SV Corn mechanically loaded into mobile container
GV Corn heads being cut by harvesters (2 shots)
CU Maize plants by irrigation channel (2 shots)
CU Shredded corn cobs PULL BACK TO farmers examining cobs
GV Harvesters cutting corn stalks and loading
GV PAN Farmers' workers loading hay (2 shots)
SV Bales of hay being unloaded
GV Bulldozer moving maize stems, being loaded on cart (2 shots)
SV Hay being loaded by bulldozer onto cart (2 shots)
GV Meadow herb being harvested (2 shots)
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Background: INTRODUCTION: The Soviet grain crop has suffered from heat-waves and floods this season, seriously depleting the harvest. The Russian cereal harvest may yield only a disappointing 190 million tonnes this year. The reason is the heavy rains and flooding in the main growing areas during winter and the unusually hot, dry summer. However, a farming method known as Agrotechnic -- a method of harvesting three cops from one field -- has resulted in exceptional results on some State farms.
SYNOPSIS: This State farm situated in the Surkhandaryin region is named after Lenin. It was the first in the Uzbekistan to fulfil the plan of supplying the State with corn and has more than doubled its output over the past five years.
Agrotechnics is the method of harvesting three cops from the one field. After the harvesting of the first two crops, sowing of the third takes place. This means the farm is able to provide stock-raising fodder through a two-year supply from the sowing of intermediate crops.
There are gala celebrations to mark the end of harvest time, but the work is not completed.
In the Lower Volga, the laying-in of fodder continues. With the sun quickly drying the harvest grass, speed is essential.
Practically nothing is wasted under the system. The large maize stems left from the harvest are cut by machine to the root. This ensures the green paste from the stems can be used for cattle feeding.
This year's harvest was viewed as particularly critical for the Soviet Union. The poor grain yields of the past two years caused severed food shortages, resulting in a sharp increase of imports from Australia, Canada and Europe.
Another advantage of the Agrotechnic system is that it allows farms to grow a variety of crops, including meadow herbs.