INTRODUCTION: On Monday (12 January), the island of Zanzibar celebrated its 17th anniversary of independence.
SV President of Zanzibar Aboud Jumbe arriving at Amaan Stadium for celebrations
SV PAN Aboud Jumbe inspecting column of troops lined up as guard of honour (2 shots)
GV ZOOM IN TO SV Chanting group of workers in procession with poster commemorating independence in 1964
GV Column of traditional dancers
SV & GV President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania with Aboud Jumbe and other top officials on dais watching slow march-past of guard of honour (3 shots)
GV ZOOM IN TO SV Troops give three cheers.
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Background: INTRODUCTION: On Monday (12 January), the island of Zanzibar celebrated its 17th anniversary of independence. On the 12th of January, 1964, the people of Zanzibar overthrew their Arab rulers. Three months later, they united with Tanganyika to form the Republic of Tanzania.
SYNOPSIS: Tanzania's Vice President Ndugu Aboud Jumbe -- who's also the President of Zanzibar -- joined the crowds at the Amaan Stadium for the celebrations. Groups representing all aspects of Zanzibar life were taking part.
Zanzibar had Arab rulers for more than a hundred years. It became a British protectorate in 1890 and was granted independence in 1963.
A month later, a revolution had overthrown the Arab government and the ruling Sultan sent into exile.
Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere told the mass rally they should fight against those who were bent on destroying the country's economy. Zanzibar is sometimes called the "spice island" because its economy is based on cloves. It's the world's main producer -- the cloves account for about four-fifths of its exports.
Tanzania's government has been concerned about the island relying so heavily on its one product. A drop in the demand and the prices for cloves could play havoc with the economy. And there's always the risk of disease destroying the plants. So the government's been taking steps to develop other forms of agriculture and industry.