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    JERUSALEM, Israel. May 3rd: Leaders of the Hewsih resistance in the Warsaw ghetto today told?

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    Background: JERUSALEM, Israel. May 3rd: Leaders of the Hewsih resistance in the Warsaw ghetto today told the court at the Eichmann trial how they rose in desperation against the Nazis. For the first tim the court heard how Jews had fought back and not submitted helplessly to their fate.

    Mrs. Tziva Lubetkin-Zuckermann described how in April 1943, Jews in the ghetto heard that the Germans were planning a descent upon them. They were organised into fighting groups, but each group had only a few revolvers, Molotov cocktails and grenades. The German troops entered the ghetto "Armed as though they were going to the front to fight the Russians".

    Mrs. Zuckermann said: "It was strange to see these Jewish men and women, standing up against the great enemy, glad and happy because they knew that one day their end would come'. And she went on: "When the Germans came up to our posts and we threw our bombs and saw German blood flowing in the streets of Warsaw, after we had seen so much Jewish blood, there was rejoicing among us. It was wonderful, a miracle".

    She told how "these Germans, these heroes" were thrown back in confusion by "we few with our poor arms". But each day the germans troops returned,and though the Jews armed themselves with weapons taken from the German dead, they were gradually reduced in number, until after about a month, few remained. They went on because "we were fighting to avenge our brothers, and it was easier to die.

    Eventually, the few survivors, Mrs. Zuckermann among them, escaped through the sewers and were hidden by the polish resistance.

    Another witness was Dr. Adolf Bermann, a leading member of the Israeli Communist party. He told the hushed court of the extermination of a hundred thousand Warsaw children. Dr. Bermann said he visited the death camp at Treblinka a few weeks after he was liberated by the Red Army. There, he said, he saw a "tremendous area of many kilometres over which were scattered skulls and bones and heaps of shoes, among them tens of thousands of children's shoes." At this point Dr. Bermann reached into his brief case and held up a tattered pair of brown children;s shoes. "I have brought these from the fields of Treblinka", he said. "It is very precious, because it represents a million such children's shoes".

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