The United Nations Security Council has been searching for a compromise resolution on charges by African nations that Britain has violated the Rhodesian peace settlement.
TV United Nations Security Council in session
CU & SV Representative of Rhodesian Patriotic Front Mr. Tirivafi Cong speaking in English, with Sir Anthony Parsons of United Kingdom seated listening (3 shots)
TV Security Council in session
CU Representative of Zambia, Mr. Paul Lusaka speaking in English
TV Members seated in Council
CU Somalian representative Mohamed Sharif speaking in English
CONG: "Our information, based on sound observation, is that there are at least six thousand South African troops extensively deployed in strategic areas throughout Zimbabwe. Our observation is that these well-equipped South African troops fall into three main categories. A: those which operate under South African command, wearing South African uniforms, and these are mainly based in the southern part of Zimbabwe, including Beit Bridge. B; a large number on secondment to the Rhodesian army wearing Rhodesian uniforms. These are deployed throughout Zimbabwe, as pilots, as policemen and what have you. A large number of South African mercenaries. This has been there since the death of U.D.I. (unilateral Declaration of Independence). WE should observe that the presence of these troops is used to manipulate the political environment in favour of Bishop Muzorewa and the white community.
LUSAKA: "There is still time to prevent a disaster. This could be done if the British Government had the political will to do so. We wish to remind them of the spirit of the Commonwealth Conference held in Lusaka last August (1979) which contributed the Lancaster House meeting. We want the British Government to be impartial and fair. The Security Council should ensure that conditions are created for free and fair elections to be held in Zimbabwe. Only then can permanent peace come to that troubled country and region."
SHARIF: "Mr. President, the British Government stated at Lancaster House and I quote, 'The question now at issue is who is to form the future independent government. The British Government's position is that this must be decided by the people of Zimbabwe by free and fair elections in which all parties will be able to take part on equal terms', end of quote. And yet it is now possible for us to notice that the administering power is trying to police the campaign, to decide it, and to further some candidates over others. This situation is of course painfully apparent to those whom it vitally affects in Rhodesia and who are appealing to the international community to bring pressure to bear on Britain to rectify a deteriorating situation."
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Background: The United Nations Security Council has been searching for a compromise resolution on charges by African nations that Britain has violated the Rhodesian peace settlement. British Representative Sir Anthony Parsons said an initial draft circulated by African delegates on Wednesday (30 January) contained much that was unacceptable and he gave the impression that Britain might veto any such resolution. Some Security Council representatives met in private to discuss possible amendments to the draft. Several speakers in the debate expressed concern at the presence of South African troops in Rhodesia, but Sir Anthony Parsons told them they had been guarding the end of a bridge linking the two countries and had now been withdrawn. The Rhodesian Patriotic Front accused Britain of interfering in the election campaign, and threatened to resume the guerrilla war.
SYNOPSIS: The Patriotic Front's view was expressed by its representative, Mr. Tirivafi Cong.
Zambia's Permanent Representative, Mr. Paul Lusaka said fair elections are Britain's responsibility.
Somalia's representative Mr. Mohamed Sharif, called for international pressure on Britain.