Today (19 December) as the world heard the first news of President Yahya Khan's decision to hand over power tomorrow (Monday) to a civilian government, West Pakistan's leading politician, Mr Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was flying home from New York, where he had been putting Pakistan's case to the United Nations.
CU (MUTE) Mr Bhutto seated
GV INT. UN Security Council in session
CU Bhutto speaking
SV & CU Bhutto signing agreement with USSR in 1965
GV EXT. UN building (1965)
CU(MUTE) Bhutto speaking
??? Crowd around Bhutto in Lakarna (1969)
CU Bhutto (1971)
TRANSCRIPT: BHUTTO: "We will fight, will go back and fight. My country heartens for me. Why should I waste my time here, in the Security Council? I am going."
BHUTTO: "When through the years we warned the Security Council that the problem should be resolved before it led to an explosion, our warnings either went unheeded, or were termed as empty threats. I again ask the members of the Assembly, what language is one supposed to speak when one wants to bring out the urgency of the situation and the grave dangers in its remaining unresolved? Pakistan spoke that language. It spoke the language of reason and remonstrance. It made constructive proposals, such as the induction of the United nations force pending a plebiscite. But nothing made India budge an inch."
BHUTTO: "I can anticipate that if this war continues, if the Russian steamroller goes on and on - because it really is the Russian steamroller, and the name is India, the mark is India, but it's the Russian steamroller - if it goes on and on, I'm afraid the Chinese cannot turn their backs to it, they cannot remain oblivious to the consequences of this new situation, and they will inevitably and inexorably get involved."
Initials SGM/0125 SGM/0045
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: Today (19 December) as the world heard the first news of President Yahya Khan's decision to hand over power tomorrow (Monday) to a civilian government, West Pakistan's leading politician, Mr Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, was flying home from New York, where he had been putting Pakistan's case to the United Nations.
Mr Bhutto was already designated Pakistan's Foreign Minister in the country's proposed civilian government, a post he hold from 1963 to 1966 under President Ayub Khan. But in the crisis situation his country faces following the collapse of the administration in East Pakistan, there is intense speculation about the future of the fiery leader of the socialist Pakistan People's Party.
Born in January 1928 the son of a wealthy landowner, Mr Bhutto was educated in Britain end became an expert in international law before devoting himself to politics. In 1965, as Foreign Minister, he signed Pakistan's trade agreement with the Soviet Union, and addressed the United Nations on the Kashmir dispute with India.
Two years later, he founded the Pakistan People's Party, committed to Islamic socialism, democracy and an independent foreign policy, but conflict with the existing military regime culminated in three months detention in 1968-9.
In the 1970 election called by President Yahya Khan, Mr Bhutto led his party to a sweeping Victory in West Pakistan. But the still more sweeping victory of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's Awami League in East Pakistan was destined to lead, first to a political impasse, then to a state of emergency, and finally to the disasters of the war with India.