In South Vietnam, President Nguyen Van Thieu visited a military cemetery on Friday (1 November) to mark National Day by lighting the flame before the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.
SV U.S. Veterand arrive at
US Ambassador arrives with veterans.
SV Thieu (nearest) and Khiem arrive.
SV Thieu lights flame.
SV Drums beating and machine guns fired in cemetery. (4 shots)
SV Orphans and widows walk to cemetery and sit beside cross. (3 shots)
SV Thieu places joss sticks on grave.
SCU Thieu talks with weeping widow.
LV CU People and Buddhist monks and nuns at entrance to Pagoda. (2 shots)
CU SV INT. Orphans praying in Pagoda at Bien Hoa.
GV SV. Crowds outside An Quang Pagoda. (2 shots)
SV INT. Monks enter.
SV INT. Officials including Big Minh seated.
SV Monks praying. (4 shots)
Initials VS 23,03 VS 23.33
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Background: In South Vietnam, President Nguyen Van Thieu visited a military cemetery on Friday (1 November) to mark National Day by lighting the flame before the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. He was accompanied by the Prime Minister, Tran Thien Khiem.
The United States Ambassador, Mr. Graham Martin, also attended the ceremonies. The cemetery lies some fifteen miles (25 kilometers) Northwest of Saigon on the Bien Hoa Highway -- the scene of some of the bitterest fighting in the war in South Vietnam.
President Thieu celebrated National Day after some of the worst anti-government demonstrations in his eight years as President. Roman Catholics, Buddhists and press critics continue to attack his administration for corruption and restrictive press laws.
On National Day, General Duong Van Minh, one of the leaders of the coup which overthrew President Ngo Dinh Diem eleven years ago, issued a statement blaming the country's present troubles on "the impenitence and corruption of a regime which has lost the confidence of the people."
SYNOPSIS: United States veterans of the Vietnam War paid homage to their fallen Vietnamese comrades on Friday -- Vietnam's National Day. With them was the United States Ambassador to South Vietnam, Mr. Graham Martin.
The South Vietnamese President, Nguyen Van Th??? and Prime Minister Tran Thion Khtem, arrived together at the cemetery on the Bien Hoa highway northwest of Saigon.
President Th??? lit the flame before the Tom of the Unknown Soldier -- commemuratiny the many soldiers who had died trying ??? keep the Bien Hoa Highway open in some of the hardest fighting in the Vietnam war.
A saluta to the dead. The war in Vietnam officially ended on the twenty-seventh of January last year when the United States, North and South Vietnam and the Vietcong signed the final peace agreements in Paris, France. The war had taken over two million lives.
But although the four-nation International Commission of Control and Supervision was created to prevent further fighting and observe that both sides adhere to the ceasefire, its members have been virtually powerless. Fighting, in fact, goes on in South Vietnam.
Those who suffer most are the women and children. This women told the President that she doesn't even get a pension for her dead son.
While President Thieu was visiting the cemetery his opponents were continuing to hold meetings in protest against corruption in his administration.
The orphaned children of South Vietnam are left to fend for themselves in a country where unemployment and corruption are rife. Particularly unfortunate are those of mixed parentage.
The fight against corruption has been joined by Buddhists, Roman Catholics and the press. The Head of the An Quang Pagoda has said that President Thieu's administration is an obstacle to peace.
General Duong Van Minh, the former Head of State who helped engineer the downfall of President Diem in 1963, has said that South Vietnam needs new leaders. He blamed the country's troubles "on the impotence and corruption of a regime which has lost the confidence of the people."
Leading members of other major opposition groups have expressed similar opinions and there have been violent clashed between police and demonstrators in the last few days.