Leaders from nine southern African countries met for an economic summit in Zambia on Tuesday (1 April) aimed at reducing their economic dependence on south Africa.
SV President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania coming down aircraft steps and being greeted by President Kenneth Kaunda of Zambia
GV President Nyerere inspects guard of honour
SV President Nyerere and President Kaunda walking past crowd
GV President of Angola Eduardo dos Santos inspects guard of honour
GV President Kaunda and President dos Santos walking across tarmac waving to crowd
SV President of Botswana, Sir Seretse Khama shaking hands with officials as President Kaunda introduces them
GV Crowd dancing and President Kaunda and Sir Seretse Khama watching (2 shots)
GV President Kaunda introduces official to Prime Minister-elect of Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Mr. Robert Mugabe
GV MR. Robert Mugabe and President Kaunda walking across tarmac waving to crowd (2 shots)
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Background: Leaders from nine southern African countries met for an economic summit in Zambia on Tuesday (1 April) aimed at reducing their economic dependence on south Africa.
SYNOPSIS: The leaders from Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zambia, Rhodesia and Tanzania met to discuss ways of cooperation which will make them less reliant on the South African economy. Among them was Tanzanian President, Julius Nyerere, reputed to have a strong influence in black African affairs. Many of the states represented are still highly dependent on south Africa and the fragile economies of some would suffer if South Africa ceased to exist as a trading partner.
Only Angola and Tanzania have no direct trading links with South Africa, and the other seven retain historical links which they are reluctant to sever completely. The summit agreed to set up a legional transport and communications commission based in Maputo, Mozambique and prepared regional development and food security plans.
But there were warnings that the struggle for economic freedom would be long and hard. Sir Seretse Khama, Botswana's President and conference chairman said the struggle for economic liberation facing the black states would be as bitter as the fight for political freedom. He made it clear that while black Africa was seeking to lessen its traditional dependence on trade and transport links with South Africa, it was not seeking outright confrontation with its white rulers.
For Rhodesian leader Robert Mugabe it was his first foreign trip since his landslide win the Independence elections a month ago. He received a warm welcome from the conference host President Kaunda who backed the Rhodesian guerrilla struggle. Mr. Mugabe has stressed his desire for a policy of co-existence with South Africa but it is clear that his government will gradually reduce its dependence on South African communications in favour of Mozambique routes.