Mr. Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-general of the United Nations addressed the tenth anniversary celebrations of the?
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WALDHEIM: "The Summit Conference of Independent African States, held in this hall ten years ago, demonstrated that the long era of colonialism was coming to on and, and that an emergent Africa of independent states, yet linked by a real sense of African identity, was to play its full part in world affairs. This has been one of the most crucial developments of the past twenty five years. Thanks to the work which has been undertaken during the last ten years by the African Heads of States and Government the OUA has become a symbol of the collective effort of Africa to take its rightful place in the community of nations. In 1945, when the United Nations was created, there were only four independent African states. Today, there are more than forty members. In the process of decolonisation in Africa, the United Nations has played a major role, and it is important for us all that this close relationship be maintained. There are still many problems and difficulties in Africa which we must resolve - and can only resolve together.
Dr. Weldheim also spoke of the Security Council ruling in Addie Ababa in January 1972, he said:
"When I addressed the Security Council at it's historic meeting in Addis Ababa, I said that "here in Africa there are wounds there is bleeding, and there is still colonisation and racialism."
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Background: Mr. Kurt Waldheim, Secretary-general of the United Nations addressed the tenth anniversary celebrations of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) in Addis Ababa on Friday (25 May). Dr. Waldheim spoke of the increasingly close cooperation between the OAU and the UN as a major factor in progress towards decolonisation in Africa.
"The situation in Namibia (South West Africa)" said Dr. Waldheim for the past twenty six years. It is clear that the international community has a special and continuing obligation towards the people of Namibia. We have taken up their cause. We must not, and we shall not abandon that cause."
Dr. Waldheim also spoke abut the situation in Rhodesia and the Portuguese African territories. On Rhodesia he said that there were member states who were violating the mandatory sanctions policy, he called upon them to abide by their UN obligations. Speaking about the Portuguese territories Dr. Waldheim warned "if the necessity for change is not recognised, violence and further bloodshed could lead to a situation with incalculable consequences for peace and security."
In a speech, Dr. Waldheim also dealt with the current situation in the Middle East. He said, "an equitable peace remains elusive...we are dealing with a highly explosive situation. Time is not in our favour."
Dr. Waldheim also spoke about the importance of the OAU as an international organisation. He said.