INTRODUCTION: Poland's new government has signed agreements with students and farmers threatening to prolong the country's industrial strife.
SV (MUTE/MONO) INTERIOR Students assembled in hall in Lodz (2 shots)
SV (MUTE/MONO) Minister for Higher Education Janusz Gorski signs agreement
LV (MUTE/MONO) Students leaders sign agreement
CU (MUTE/MONO) Minister Gorski applauds as students hold agreements aloft (2 shots)
TV Farmers leaders assembled in a hall in Rzeszow
CU PAN FROM Government official TO Solidarity leader Lech Walesa seated opposite speaking in Polish
TV and CU Government officials speaking in Polish (2 shots)
CU (MUTE) Walesa and farmers sign agreement
CU (MUTE) Government officials signing agreement
TV (MUTE) Union and government officials seated opposite a table surrounded by farmers
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Background: INTRODUCTION: Poland's new government has signed agreements with students and farmers threatening to prolong the country's industrial strife. The agreements came after students had occupied university premises in the city of Lodz; while farm workers continued their protest in the southern town of Rzeszow. Reports from Poland say the deals may have brought social peace to the country, and represent success for the new prime minister, General Wojciech Jaruzelski.
SYNOPSIS: The Lodz negotiations had been long and hard and the final agreement involved concessions by both sides. The students gained influence over appointments and curricula; and won freedom to study a foreign language of their choice.
But the Higher Education Minister, Mr. Janusz Gorski, who signed the agreement, won concessions too. The students agreed to an association, not a union, and also pledged to uphold the Polish constitution. And they also failed to secure an end to censorship, release of political prisoners, or an end to compulsory study of Marxism.
The farmers' agreement followed hard negotiations between farmers' negotiators led by Solidarity leader Lech Walesa and Government officials in a hall in Rzeszow. The farmers won a greater investment and security for the private farming sector, and recognition of private farmers as a lasting part of the national economy. Equal pensions and equal distribution of land for all citizens was also ensured.
But one of the major issues, recognition of the independent farmers' unions was sidestepped during talks. Earlier, farmers' leaders had been threatening to strike if their union was not registered. But after the talks at Rzeszow, they appeared to accept pledges from Solidarity to push for registration at a later date.
Reports from the country say the farmers' action is regarded in some quarters as a climbdown -- and is likely to be represented as such at a Communist Party Congress in Moscow next week, where Poland's leaders are expected to be questioned closely on their experience with the independent unions.