IRAQ & OCCUPIED IRAN
INTRODUCTION: The war between Iraq and Iran is now entering its second year and the fighting has intensified with a surprise attack by the Iranian forces on the occupied oil refinery city of Abadan.
IRAQ & OCCUPIED IRAN
1. GV Troops advancing under fire (2 shots) 0.08
2. SV & GV Machine gun fires as Iraqi troops advance (3 shots) 0.18
3. GV & SV Iraqi troops advance into Khorramshar street fighting (3 shots) 0.30
4. GV Iraqi troops climb onto roof 0.34
5. GV Iraqi troops advance down street 0.38
6. GV TRACKING SHOT Iraqi tanks near Basra 0.58
7. GV ZOOM INTO SV Damaged pipeline 1.07
8. GV ZOOM INTO SV Rusting and damaged ships in Khorramshar port (2 shots) 1.19
9. GV PAN Damaged buildings and cranes at port (2 shots) 1.33
10. SV PAN Rusting and damaged ship in the port 1.39
11. SV Writing on side of hull 1.44
12. LV Large tanker in Khorramshar port. 1.48
13. GV PAN Construction site in Baghdad 1.58
14. SV & CU Construction workers on site (3 shots) 2.24
15. SV & GV Crane at construction site (2 shots) 2.31
Script is copyright Reuters Limited. All rights reserved
Background: IRAQ & OCCUPIED IRAN
INTRODUCTION: The war between Iraq and Iran is now entering its second year and the fighting has intensified with a surprise attack by the Iranian forces on the occupied oil refinery city of Abadan. Radio Iran called the attack "Iran's greatest victory of the war."
SYNOPSIS: The war between the two countries originally erupted with a major Iraqi offensive on September 21, 1980. The main aim of the iraqi troops at this time was to take the port of Khorramshar. Iranian areas along the border were occupied by Iraqi troops.
The port of Khorramshar was not an easy victory and Iranian defenders fought to the last. Mediation efforts by the United Nations, the Islamic States and non-aligned countries have produced no results and the year-old conflict looks set to continue. Casualties, both civilian and military have been severe.
Iraqi conditions for ending the war included Iran's recognition of its sovereignty in the border area and in the Shatt al-Arab waterway, Iraq's only outlet to the Gulf. Two million people are estimated to have been made homeless in the struggle.
Damage to pipelines, ships and property, has been extensive. In the year since the war began, international ships caught in the Port of Khorramshar have been neglected and are now obviously un-seaworthy. Earlier in the year, there was speculation that Iraq would launch a major offensive against the oil refinery town of Abadan. A number of attacks have been made, but the Iranian defenders there, heavily outnumbered have stood firm.
Heavy shelling along the border areas has brought severe civilian casualties. Fifty thousand people are estimated to have been killed, and one hundred and fifty thousand have been wounded. It is thought that President Saddam Hussein of Iraq envisaged a quick victory. The Iranian war machine, crippled by the Islamic revolutionary purges, was thought to be severely weakened.
Iranian troops hit Iraqi forces around Abadan with a surprise attack on 27 September, lifting the siege of the oil refinery town, Radio Tehran reported. The Radio reported that more than 600 Iraqi troops had been killed or wounded, and one thousand five hundred troops captured, along with hundreds of tanks and troop carriages. Iraq's Tenth Armoured Brigade which rushed to the battle was routed, the Radio reported. The Iraqis were driven from all areas east of the Karun River from Darkoveyn to Abadan. Iraq also reported heavy fighting around Abadan, but said an Iranian attack was driven back with heavy losses.
Source: IRAQI TELEVISION & NIPPON HOSO KYOKU