The strife-torn British province of Ulster, in Northern Ireland, threatens to break out in further violence on July 13 when a parade by the Protestant Orange order through the streets of Belfast will be held despite a plea by the Westminster Government to call it off.
GV Orange parade
CU Orangeman marcher interviewed. (SOF)
SV Another Orangeman marcher interviewed (SOF)
CV Old Orangeman speaks (SOF)
SV Another Orangeman speaks (SOF)
SV Orange Order official interviewed (SOF)
SV Police move during Londonderry riots (2 shots)
SV Petrol bombs thrown & burning in street
SV Crowd listen to Bernadette Devlin.
SV Bernadette Devlin speaks. (SOF).
GV PAN Crowd at Paisley meeting:
SV Paisley speaking (SOF)
SV R.U.C. Specials resign.
SV Troops at Bally-murphy Estate (2 shots)
SEQ. 2: REPORTER: "How often do you wear all this regalia ?"
MARCHER: "Every Orange church service and every time the Orange Institute is out on Parade."
SEQ. 3: SECOND MARCHER: "It's our heritage that's been passed down to us for generations and we're allowed to walk on the Queen's Highway and no-one can say anything about it."
SEQ. 4: THIRD MARCHER: "There would be more trouble here if they were cancelled there'd be a revolution."
SEQ. 5: FOURTH MARCHER: "All we want is law and order. If we had law and order in the towns here, anywhere, we've no law and order, no matter where you go, you're not able to walk the roads here."
SEQ. 6: REPORTER: "What would be your reaction if orange parades were banned by the Government ?"
ORANGE INSTITUTION OFFICIAL: "My reaction would be very simple that I would think that the Government had lost control of its senses. I don't think that the banning of the Orange parades at this time, certainly as those folk are complaining about the 12th of July demonstration, I don't think it would ease the situation, in fact, I'm convinced it would be the last straw that would turn ordinary protestants throughout Ulster that are not even members of the Orange Institution up in arms."
SEQ. 10: BERNADETTE DEVLIN: They let me come around the people and tell them, that the people were not ignorant, that the people were not stupid, that the people were a dignified human race and had right to be treated with human dignity. But when they got me elected, they would soon tame bernadette Devlin, they would soon make a good little girl out of her so that when they said jump she would jump, and when they said find s a couple of seats in the local council, she would find them a couple of seats. But they very soon discovered that Bernadette Devlin meant what she was saying, that the people are not ignorant and the people have right to a decent standard of living."
SEQ. 12: REV. IAN PAISLEY: "The Unionist Candidate said, he said that in fact the Protestant Unionist are not entering the field and they knew the Protestant Unionists were good loyalists, sworn Constitutionalists, and they had valid reasons for fighting (indistinct) their seats. And I say tonight if the Government are not going to govern, let them get out."
Initials JH-CM/AS/ES JH-CM/AS/BB
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Background: The strife-torn British province of Ulster, in Northern Ireland, threatens to break out in further violence on July 13 when a parade by the Protestant Orange order through the streets of Belfast will be held despite a plea by the Westminster Government to call it off. The Westminster Government fears that the Orangemen, a strongly-Protestant group, will spark more instances of Protestant-Catholic fighting of the sort which has racked the province since last year.
The Orangemen, who wear their distinctive sashes and swords at almost every gathering, are preparing for the July 13 march to commemorate the victory of William of Orange over the Catholic James II in 1690 at the battle of the Boyne. The Protestant majority in Ulster look upon the Orange parades as a fundamental right. To the Catholic minority of the province it is a provocation.
In the rioting of 1969, the Catholic minority claimed it suffered discrimination in local voting rights, which were based on property qualifications, and in employment.
A champion of the Catholics in their civil rights campaign is 23-year-old Bernadette Devlin. Miss Devlin, the youngest woman ever to sit in the Westminster Parliament, was first elected in 1969 and was re-elected in the general election of last month. She campaigned last year as a candidate of the Independent Unity Party, which is committed to uniting Ulster with Republic of Ireland, to the south.
The Protestants also produced a new leader in the militant Reverend Ian Paisley. Mr Paisley was also elected to Parliament in 1970, fighting against the Ulster Protestant Government which meets in the Parliament of Stormont. Mr paisley has branded civil rights reforms as a "sell-out to Rome."
Following the violence of last year in Londonderry and Belfast, Catholic demands forced the Ulster Government to disband the "B-Specials" of the Royal Ulster Constabulary, a primarily Protestant force which was accused of strong anti-Catholic sympathies.
In the wake of the violence, the British Army moved into Ulster, and have taken much greater part in Controlling the violence. Currently engaged in Arms searches and riot control in Belfast, they recently faced crowds in the primarily Catholic Ballymurphy Estate of Belfast.
Following a week of increased tensions and a number of deaths in clashes between crowds and British troops, the Westminster Government is acutely aware that the further confrontation arising from the emotional Orange march on Monday could well result in even more outbursts of violence of stronger intensity.