An announcement is due to be made on Friday (October 26) by the World Health organisation declaring that the world is free, for the first time, of the disease smallpox.
GV PAN Child's legs, badly diseased with smallpox; GVs Children suffering from smallpox; CU old man's face badly affected with smallpox (5 shots)
Gvs Members of health team showing literature to people in Ethiopian market place
Gvs Crowd being shown posters, Bangladesh
Gvs Children being vaccinated (4 shots)
GV Medical worker; CU Girl with badly scarred face (2 shots)
SV Brazilian doctor speaking into mobile radio transmitter/ receiver (5 shots)
CU PULL OUT: WHO flag to World Health Organisation (WHO) headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland
Gvs INTERIOR WHO staff working (5 shots)
SCU Dr Isao Arita speaking in English Kenya 1978
SCU Young orangutan; GV Mother and baby chimpanzee sitting in straw (2 shots)
Gvs AND CU INTERIOR Staff at Porton Down laboratory, UK, working (3 shots)
Gvs Vaccine put into phials and being packed; SCU Woman with child on back being vaccinated (3 shots)
TRANSCRIPT (SEQ 9): ARITA:"The meeting recognised that the world campaign now appears to have reached a turning point. No case of smallpox has been detected on the continent of Africa, or anywhere in the world, for nearly six months. The last case recorded was in Merka town, Somalia, in October 1977."
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Background: An announcement is due to be made on Friday (October 26) by the World Health organisation declaring that the world is free, for the first time, of the disease smallpox.
SYNOPSIS: The ugly symptoms of one of the world's most deadly diseases. It is caused by a highly infectious virus. For over 3,000 years smallpox has scourged man, killing one in four who caught it. For those who survive, there remains the legacy of permanent, disfiguring scars; their extent depending upon the severity of the attack.
Of all the widely prevalent diseases, smallpox is the one that can be best combated by public health measures. For the past 12 years, health workers throughout the world have been engaged in a campaign launched by the World Health Organisation (WHO) which has been aimed at eradicating the disease. The cost of the campaign, 40 million dollars (U.S.).Much of the work has been carried out in the field, relying, in some of the more remote areas, on world of mouth to track down outbreaks.
The gathering of information about outbreaks has been a vital feature of the campaign.In this case, news was passed on to the local health headquarters and from there relayed to the headquarters of the World Health organisation, in Geneva, Switzerland. The building has been the centre of the world-wide operation. All information was processed to enable team workers to plan and advise in the areas where the campaign was being conducted. Now, the work seems to have paid off. Eighteen months ago, in Kenya, the head of the WHO programme, Dr Isao Arita was able to declare:
The WHO campaign was based on the belief that man is the only host for the virus. In 1949 orangutans that contracted the disease were linked with a nearby human outbreak,after that he evidence points to humans as being the only source of infection.
The virus still exists though, in a handful of laboratories. Two English workers researching the disease died last year..the only cases since the one in africa two years ago...though they were victims of the disease in an artificial environment.
For the moment, the WHO expects to retain virus stocks for comparison if a smallpox-type disease breaks out again. Vaccine too is being kept. ??? it will never again be needed.