Demonstrations calling for the resignation of the Communist Government continue in Kerala, India's only state under Communist rule.
LS. Government Secretariat in Trivandrum
LS. Demonstrators marching with banners
MS. Police round up demonstrators
MS. Demonstrators into police vans
CU. Agitator shouting
MS. Van with demonstrators moves off
LS. Police guarding the Secretariat
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Background: Demonstrations calling for the resignation of the Communist Government continue in Kerala, India's only state under Communist rule. Banner-waving crowds Marching to the Government Secretariat at Trivandrum July 4 were rounded up by the police, bundled into buses and taken to gaol.
Nearly 6,000 people have been convicted and gaoled in the past three weeks as the Government tried to suppress the all-out struggle led by the Congress Party and the Socialists. Fifteen people have so far been killed by the police in clashes with demonstrators.
Trouble started over the reorganisation of the educational system. The Communist Government demanded control over all schools and said teachers should be appointed by a public service commission "to make then more efficient and honest". The opposition parties feared wide-spread Communist indoctrination and wanted to see the 7,000 private schools of the Sate's 11,000 preserved.
The party dispute soon extended into all branches of public life, led to protests by trade unions and social organisations, resulted in strikes in factories and Government offices. Police are busy 24 hours a day, rounding up throngs of demonstrators, cramming them into already overfilled prisons.
After a visit by Premier Nehru to the troubled State the Congress Party which commands an impressive majority in India's Parliament and in 13 of the 14 State legislatures has now suggested a settlement of the Kerala problem by general elections.